Posted By Thomas Perez. September 10, 2010 at 9:18PM.
150 Reasons For Believing In The Final Salvation Of All Mankind
1. God is Omniscient. “His understanding is infinite; declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done.” “Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.” Psalm 147:5; Isa 46:10; Acts 15:18. God, then, as well knew when he created Adam what would be the eternal destiny of every individual of his posterity, as he will know when the last generation of man shall have entered on their eternal state. If all are to be saved, he knew it; and if part are to be saved, and part eternally damned, the fate of each individual soul was known to him. These conclusions are just as certain as that God’s knowledge is infinite.
2. God must have designed what he knew would be the eternal destiny of each individual of our race. If he knew all would be saved, he must have designed the salvation of all; and if he knew part would be saved, and part damned without relief and without end, he must have designed the salvation of some and the damnation of others. Every man designs what he knows will be the result of his voluntary acts. If I know when I speak to a certain person he will fall at my feet dead, and if I persist in speaking to him with this knowledge of the consequence, I, of course, intend he shall die; so if God knows the destiny of all men, and I have proved that he does, all who go to heaven will go there by his decree, and all who go to hell will go there by his decree. This is just as certain as that two and two make four. Arminianism, then, is resolved into Calvinism. Would God have created conscious beings, knowing and intending that eternal misery would be their doom?
3. God is love, is infinitely good. “There is none good but one, that is God.” Mark 10:18. On the words “God is love,” Dr. A. Clarke, the celebrated Methodist Commentator, writes as follows:
An infinite Fountain of benevolence and beneficence to every human being. He hates nothing that he has made. He cannot hate, because he is love. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good; and sends his rain on the just and the unjust. He has made no human being for perdition. It has been well observed that although God is holy, just, righteous, etc., he is never called Holiness, Justice, etc. in the abstract, as he is here called Love. This seems to be the essence of the Divine nature, and all other attributes to be only modifications of this.”
God, then, never created a soul knowing it would be miserable forever.
4. God is Omnipotent. “The Lord Omnipotent reigneth.” Rev. 19:6. Therefore, nothing is too mighty for him to do. He can save the world. Where is the Christian who would not redeem all mankind, had he the power? God possesses the power, and will he not do it? Is the creature better than the Creator? God forbid any should think so.
5. God is Omnipresent. “O Lord, thou has searched me and known me”; “Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to thee.” Ps. 139:1, 12. As God, who is love, fills immensity, we cannot, on earth or in eternity, “go where universal love smiles not around.” If there is an endless hell, full of devils and damned souls, God is there, and there, too, his love is displayed! Will those who believe in endless wrath inform us wherein infinite love is manifested in that world of woe?
6. God is holy. “Holy is the Lord of hosts.” Isa. 6:3. A holy God could not build a prison, dedicate it to every vile and hateful passion, and then crowd it with beings of his own workmanship, where they must sin and suffer for ever and ever. A monster of depravity might do so.
7. God is merciful. “But Thou, O Lord, art a God full of compassion and gracious, long suffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.” Ps. 86:15. This needs no comment, for it is impossible for such a being to torment without relief, and without end, millions of his own offspring.
8. God is just. “A just God and a Savior.” Isa. 45:21. It would certainly be unjust to inflictendless punishment for the sins of a few days; and as God is strictly just, he will not deal thus with any of his creatures. Justice requires that the transgressor shall be punished righteously, but not unmercifully. As God is also a Savior he will save as well as punish.
9. God is the Father of all mankind. “Have we not all one Father?” Mal. 2:10. One is your Father which is in Heaven.” Matt. 23:9. Is there a human parent who would eternally torment his offspring? Would not the most depraved save all of them if they could? Is our heavenly Father less kind than earthly parents are?
10. God is unchangeable. “He is in one mind, and who can turn him?” Job 23:13. Therefore he always will be what he is now: omniscient, all-knowing, omnipotent, omni-present, infinitely good, holy, merciful, just, and a universal Father. Before God can deal with mankind as Partialism teaches, all his moral attributes must be the reverse of what they now are. But as God is unchangeable, that is impossible, and therefore Partialism is false. In the language of Rev. Asa Shinn, a celebrated Methodist preacher and writer, “Why are we glad that God is Almighty? Because He is Almighty Goodness. Why are we delighted that His understanding is infinite? Because it is the understanding of Infinite Love. Why are we pleased when we hear that God is Unchangeable? Because it brings to our view a Benevolence which will NEVER VARY. And why do we rejoice that He is Just? Because we hence learn that the Energy of Love will NEVER CEASE to maintain and defend every thing that is right, and to oppose every thing that is wrong.” – Benevolence and Rectitude of the Supreme Being, p. 312.
11. God is the Owner and Proprietor of all men. “Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine.” Ezek. 18:4. God is too wise and good to give any to the devil, and He has too much power to have any forced out of his hands. As all men now belong to God they always will.
12. It is the will of God that all shall be saved. “Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.” I Tim. 2:4. Of course, as ‘God is love,’ it must be his will that mankind should be saved. An infinitely good being could have no other will. And as he is infinite in knowledge he could not so will unless he knew all would be saved. He could not will that that should take place which he knew never would.
13. No power can defeat his will. “Thy will be done.” Matt. 6:10. “He doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?” Dan. 4:35. “He worketh all things after the counsel of his own will.” Eph. 1:11. The will of God, then, will be done. No power can defeat it. It is certainly a doctrine of revelation that our God will save all men.
14. God purposes the salvation of all men. “Having made known unto us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure which he hath purposed in himself, that in the dispensation of the fullness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth, even in him.” Eph. 1:9,10. What do the words, “all things which are in heaven and on earth,” signify? Professor Steuart, one of the most prominent Orthodox divines and writers in the Union, says they mean the UNIVERSE, and in exact accordance with this definition, Archbishop Newcome says, they signify all INTELLIGENT BEINGS. It is the purpose of God, then, to gather together, in Christ, the universe of intelligent beings. A purpose worthy of our great Creator.
15. His purpose will be accomplished. “The Lord of hosts hath sworn, saying surely as I have thought, so shall it come to pass; and as I have PURPOSED so shall it stand – for the Lord of hosts hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? And his hand is stretched out and who shall turn it back?” Isa. 14:24, 27. “I have spoken it, I will also bring it to pass: I have purposed it, I will also do it.” Isa. 46:11.
16. It is the pleasure of God that all shall be redeemed. “For thou hast created all things, and for they pleasure they were and are created.” Rev. 4:11. “As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked.” Ezek. 33:11.
17. His pleasure will be accomplished. “My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure.” Isa. 46:10.
18. God will never have any other purpose, pleasure or will, for he is “without variableness or shadow of turning.” James 1:17. Who can doubt the salvation of all men?
19. God is the Savior of all men. “We both labor and suffer reproach because we trust in the living God who is the Savior of all men, especially of those who believe.” I Tim. 4:10. God is called the Savior of all men, because it is his will and purpose that all shall be saved, and because all necessary means are provided for its accomplishment.
20. God hates sin. Mr. Shinn [Item 10] has some correct views on this subject, which I heretranscribe and recommend to the careful consideration of the reader. “God is love; therefore, love is holiness; and God’s hatred of sin is precisely his infinite abhorrence of all malice and cruelty. Infinite hatred of sin implies that its principle, and its results are equally and forever abhorred. The essence of sin is malice, or a disposition to produce and perpetuate misery, as an ultimate end. Now, if God abhors this principle, it is because of this aversion to its tendency and its results, that is, because of his infinite unwillingness that misery should be produced or perpetuated for its own sake as an ultimate end of voluntary action. To say God’s holiness causes him to hate this vile spirit and yet that his holiness will influence him to perpetuate absolute misery as an ultimate end of his own action, is as direct a contradiction as human language can supply. The native and final result of sin is misery, and nothing else; the action of holiness is opposite to that of sin; therefore, the tendency of the latter is to produce happiness – and it never inflicts punishment, but in order to counteract sin, and consequently to operate against ultimate and final misery. To say the action of sin and that of holiness, both alike terminate in simple and permanent misery, is to say they are essentially the same in nature and tendency.
“A holy being delights in holiness; and of course, is disposed to promote holiness as effectually and universally as it can be promoted: consequently, the Holy One of Israel never will do anything to prevent the spread of holiness in any region of the universe, where moral agents are willing it should prevail. He will never do anything to hinder any of his creatures from repenting of their sins, and becoming holy; for this is what the devil has been doing ever since sin entered into the world. To affirm that our Creator will pursue this course in a future state is to suppose the most holy being and the most unholy one will manifest themselves alike, both in person and operation.
“God’s aversion to sin is not an infinite hatred of sinners; otherwise no sinner had ever been forgiven. To say he abhors their wicked character, and that he is at the same time unwilling for them to turn from their wickedness, is another gratuitous and manifest contradiction, on which the system of inexorable vengeance hangs.
“Hence, it is clear that holiness in God’s children does not cause them to hate sinners, in any other sense, than having an abhorrence of their evil character. They love their persons as fellow creatures, and therefore, they do all they can to prevail on them to forsake their sin and to seek after holiness. Is not their Heavenly Father of the same disposition? Will he not ever remain the same? If a change shall take place in his mind hereafter, it will seem necessary that a change should take place in the minds of his people; that in a future state they may hate sinners, and no longer have a desire that holiness should be extended through intelligent society. Has any man ever learned this kind of orthodoxy from the Bible? If any people imagine that true holiness causes them to love the doctrine of infinite sin and misery, as brought about by the judicial vengeance of the Almighty, they are very much mistaken; and they need a rebuke from Jesus, such as the disciples received when they requested that they might have power to call down fire from heaven upon the Samaritans: — Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. A fondness for this system of wrath arises from a source very different from that of holiness; and it would be well for men not only to inquire into the foundation of their opinions, but also to scrutinize the cause of their attachment to those views of future misery, which are so reproachful to God, and so revolting to the feelings of justice and humanity.” – Benevolence and Rectitude of the Supreme Being, pp. 152-154. God hates sin but loves the sinner, and hence I infer he will destroy the former, and save the latter.
21. “Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.” John 14:1. This supposes there is a sufficiency in God to banish all doubt and fear from the human heart. “Acquaint thyself with God,” says Job, “and be at peace.” God is holy, just and good, and this is, and ever will be, the character of his administration in all departments of his vast dominion in time and eternity, and hence all he does promotes, and ever will promote the well being of his intelligent creatures. Reader, acquaint thyself with God, believe in him, and be at peace. How false is the theory that thus speaks of God:
“The breath of God – his angry breathSupplies and fans the fire,There sinners taste the second death,And would, but can’t expire* * * *Our God appeared consuming fire,And vengeance was his name.” [Watts.]
22. Paul exultingly exclaims, “Rejoice in the Lord always; and again I say rejoice.” Phil. 4:4. The conclusion therefore is that the character of the Supreme Being constitutes a perfect foundation for unceasing and eternal joy; and that there is nothing in him, or in his dispensations, of a contrary nature or tendency. Hence the whole intelligent universe is under moral obligation to rejoice in the character of the Creator, and in all the divine operations proceeding from that character.
23. God so loved mankind he sent his Son to save them. “We have seen, and do testify, that the Father sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.” 1 John 4:14.
24. Jesus was sent to destroy sin. “For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that hemight destroy the works of the devil.” I John 3:8.
25. Christ will accomplish that for which he was sent. “The pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in his hands. Isa. 53:10. God, then, sent Christ to save the world, to destroy all sin, and he will do the Lord’s pleasure.
26. All men are given to Christ. “Ask of me, and I will give thee the heathen for thyinheritance, and the uttermost part of the earth for thy possession.” Ps. 2:8. “The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.” John 3:35. “All things” here means all intelligent beings: so say the best Commentators.
27. God hath given all things to Christ that he might save them. “Thou has given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou has given him.” John 17:2.
28. It is certain that Christ will save all that the Father hath given him. “All that the Father giveth me shall come to me and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.” John 6:37. From these passages we learn: First, that all things are given to Christ that he may give them eternal life. Second, that all shall come to him and receive that boon, and none shall be cast out.
29. Jesus Christ tasted death for every man. “But we see Jesus, who was made a little lower than the angels for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor; that he by the grace of God should taste death for every man.” Heb. 2:9. Can any be forever lost whom the Son of God died for?
30. Jesus gave himself a ransom for all. “He gave himself a ransom for all to be testified indue time.” I Tim. 2:6. Will the devil have any that Jesus ransomed?
31. Jesus did not die, or give himself a ransom in vain. “He shall see of the travail of hissoul, and shall be satisfied.” Isa. 53:11.
32. All the ransomed shall be saved. “And the ransomed of the Lord shall return and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.” Isa. 35:10.
33. He is a propitiation for all sin. “And he is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.” I John 2:2.
34. On Christ was laid the iniquity of us all. “And the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity us all.” Isa. 53:6.
35. He is to take away the sin of the world. “Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world.” John 1:29.
36. He will draw all to him. “And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.” John 12:32.
37. All mankind shall serve Christ. “I saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the Sonof man came in the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” Dan. 7:13, 14. “Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule, and all authority and power. For he must reign till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted which did put all things under him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be ALL IN ALL.” I Cor. 15:24-28.
In Daniel it is said, “dominion and glory and a kingdom” were given to Christ; and Paul informsus that he will return them to the Father at the resurrection. In Daniel, the objects of those gifts are stated, and Paul tells us that they will be fully effected, that all things, namely, all people, nations and languages shall serve him who, with all things, will be subject to the Father, that God may be all in all. “Praise the Lord, O my soul.”
38. Christ is the Universal Light. “I am the light of the world.” John 8:12. “That was the true light which lightest every man that cometh into the world.” John 21:9. When all shall receive light from the great “sun of righteousness” none will sit “in darkness, an din the region of the shadow of death.” Is it not surprising that notwithstanding these declarations some contend that a large part of mankind will be doomed by the LIGHT of the WORLD to spend eternity in darkness and death!
39. Jesus is the Head of every man. “But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.” I Cor. 11:3. Christ, then, is the head, and all mankind compose his body. Will Christ’s body be saved or damned? – Go to heaven or be shut up in hell? – Enjoy God’s presence or be consigned to the devil? Reader! Ponder well these questions.
40. Jesus is set forth in the Old Testament “as the Seed of the woman that shall bruise theserpent’s head – the Shiloh, to whom the gathering of the people should be – the Rock smitten, and the Well of water, as a fountain of life – the Fountain to wash in from sin and uncleanliness – the Sun of Righteousness – the bright and morning Star – the Stone cut from the mountain without hands, that was destined to fill the whole earth – a Shepherd to lead and feed his flock – a Refuge for the weary – an Ensign for the people – a Prophet, King and Governor to instruct and rule them, from sea to sea, and from the rivers to the ends of the earth – the Righteous Branch and the Tree of life, both to heal and nourish the nations – the Messenger and Testator of the Covenant – the Refiner and Purifier – a Feast of fat things for all the people – in short, as the Salvation of God to the ends of the earth.
If these representations exhibit the true character of Messiah, I ask, shall the serpent’s kingdom eternally stand? Shall the people never be gathered to Shiloh? Shall souls forever thirst and never taste of the water of life? Shall sin and uncleanliness never be washed away? Are there millions of souls on whom the Sun of Righteousness, with healing wings, shall never rise nor shine? Shall not the whole earth be filled with the knowledge of God, as the waters cover the sea? Will the Shepherd never feed his flock, nor the weary ever find rest? Will the people never flock to their Ensign, nor the Prophet instruct, nor the King rule over them? Will the nations never be healed? Will the Messenger of the Covenant never come to his temple, nor refine his silver, nor purify the sons of Levi? Shall not all the people partake of the Feast of fat things? And shall not the salvation of God extend to the ends of the earth? Reader, how will you answer these and similar questions?
41. The New Testament exhibits Christ as a universal and complete Savior. He is there represented as the true Light that lightest every man that cometh into the world – the Bread of God, that cometh down from heaven to give light to the world – the Physician to heal the morally diseased – the Author and Finisher of faith, and the Captain of Salvation – the Jesus, or Savior, who should save his people from their sins – the Deliverer who should turn away ungodliness from Jacob – the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world – the Head of every man – the Head of the Church, which is his body, and the fullness of him that filleth all in all – the Heir of all things – the faithful and true Witness – the prevailing Lion of the tribe of Judah – the Door and Shepherd of the sheep, who gave his life for the sheep – the Mediator and Testator of the better covenant – in short, as the complete Savior of the world.
Now, if Christ be the true light that lightest every man that cometh into the world, shall not every man be enlightened? If the Bread of God giveth life to the world, shall not the world have life? If the morally sick are healed, shall they eternally remain diseased? Shall not faith, in the now unbelieving be perfected under such an author and finisher as Christ, and salvation be completed under such a Captain, of whom it is said “he shall not fail nor be discouraged?” If he saves his people from their sins, shall they eternally remain unsaved? If he turns away ungodliness from Jacob, and takes away the sin of the world, shall ungodliness and sin forever hold mankind in endless bondage? Shall the body of Christ eternally remain incomplete, or diseased, or in bondage? Shall the Heir of all things never possess his inheritance? Did the faithful and true witness swear falsely when he declared, “and I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me?” Shall the Lion of the tribe of Judah be defeated and never prevail? Shall the sheep never enter the Door opened for them, nor the Shepherd that died for them, lead them into the green pastures, and by the side of the still waters of God’s love? Shall the Mediator never accomplish the object of his mission, nor see the better covenant fulfilled, nor witness the conferring of the inheritance on those to whom it was bequeathed and attested by his death? In short, if he be the Savior of the world, shall not the world be saved? Can he be in truth styled the Savior of the world if a large portion of the world be eternally lost!
From all these and numerous other descriptions of his advent, character, and the object of his mission, what else can be inferred but that he came for the purpose of effecting the salvation of all men, and was purposely represented as a universal Savior, both in the Old and New Testaments? Can all these representations possibly accord with the idea of his being only a partial Savior or Deliverer of mankind? Surely not. Moreover, the character of Christ, as exhibited in his life, labors and teaching while on earth can never accord with the doctrine of endless misery, nor with any other than that of the salvation of all men.”
42. All things were created for Christ – so saith the Bible. “All things were created by him and for him.” Col. 1:16. But if Partialism is true, a portion of mankind was as surely made for the devil as for Jesus Christ, and in the winding up of human affairs, each party will receive its due – a more God-dishonoring notion, corruption never invented. Was it in view of this end that God in the beginning pronounced man good, VERY GOOD? Was it in view of this end that “the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy?” Job 38:7. The words of Paul seal this famous dogma with eternal condemnation. ALL THINGS were created FOR CHRIST. And will any who belong to Jesus, sin and suffer forever? Will they not all finally partake of the salvation promised in the Gospel? A voice from the cross of Jesus and the throne of God assures us that they will.
43. All things are to be reconciled to God. “And having made peace through the blood of the cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in heaven or things on earth.” Col. 1:20. The phrase “all things,” according to Dr. Hammond and Archbishop Newcome, as well as according to reason and common sense, signifies all intelligent beings, “all mankind.” The plain meaning of this passage then, is, that it is God’s purpose to reconcile all mankind to himself, through the instrumentality of Jesus, whom the Apostle elsewhere terms the Mediator between God and men. Ultimate reconciliation is God’s plan.
44. Jesus Christ is the agent of God to accomplish this great work. “God was in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation.” II Cor. 5:19. God generally works by means. By means of the sun he illumines and warms the atmosphere; by means of the rain, he cools and purifies the same, fertilizes the soil and fills our fountains with living water; so by means of Jesus Christ, he is saving the world. It is God’s purpose to save all by Jesus Christ, and we are informed that God’s pleasure shall prosper in his hand. Isa. 53. He is the medium by which God confers spiritual blessings on mankind.
45. All shall confess that Jesus is Lord, to the glory of God. “Therefore, God hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name that at (in) the name of Jesus every knee shall bow of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father.” Phil. 2:9-11. From this and other divine declarations, we learn that God hath highly exalted his Son, far above all principality and power, and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but in that which is to come. Ephes. 1:21. But why was he thus exalted? The above passage informs us – that all might submit to his government, and thereby promote the glory of God. He was exalted hen above his brethren to save the human race. And was he thus honored by his God and our God in vain? No, no; all will confess him Lord to the glory of God the Father.
46. This universal confession is to be voluntary and filial and not a slavish or forced confession; for the same Apostle says that “no man can say that Christ is Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.” I Cor. 12:3.
47. Would the endless sinning and suffering of millions, for whom Jesus was exalted, glorify God? Strange as it may seem, it is sometimes asserted that the groans and screams of the damned in hell will promote the GLORY OF GOD! What a thought! Alexander obtained what this world calls glory by spending years in roaming through the world at the head of a band of pirates, turning fruitful fields into barren wastes, demolishing cities, and murdering all who would not bow the knee to him; Hannibal, the Carthagenian General, obtained what this world calls glory, by spending years in distressing and murdering the Roman people; Julius Caesar obtained what this world terms glory by driving the plowshare of destruction through all the nations he could reach, that would not yield to the Roman bondage, and finally by drawing his bloody sword on his own country; Napoleon Bonaparte obtained what this world terms glory by keeping Europe in a blaze for one fourth of a century, by the fire of his terrible artillery, by causing rivers of tears and oceans of blood to flow, and by filling half of the civilized world with mourning and lamentation. And will Almighty God promote his glory by infinitely worse means? By enslaving and crushing and tormenting half of mankind, his own offspring, those for whom Christ died, and was exalted? Impossible, for he is a God that delighteth in mercy, not in wrath; and moreover the Psalmist says, “Whoso offereth PRAISE GLORIFIETH GOD!” Ps. 50:23.
48. It is also said that “all nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord, and shall glorify thy name.” Ps. 86:9. All men, then, are to confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, and worship their Creator in such a manner as to glorify the name of God. How false is the doctrine of endless rebellion!
49. All the dead are to be raised in Christ. “As in Adam all die even so, in Christ, shall all be made alive.” I Cor. 15:22. This is a very important passage. It teaches universal death and universal life. All die, and all shall live again. All the dead, all who die in Adam, shall be raised in Christ; none shall be raised out of him, but all in him. Let this be remembered.
50. All who are in Christ are recipients of salvation, for saith the same writer, “If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature, old things are passed away, and behold all things are become new.” II Cor. 5:17. This is the blessed state of all who are, or ever will be, in Christ. They are in possession of the salvation of heaven. Do not forget the promise is, that all who die in Adam shall be thus blessed.
51. They are also free from condemnation. “There is no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus.” Rom. 8:1. Can proof be more conclusive? All the dead shall be raised in Christ, new creatures, free from condemnation.
52. All the dead are to be raised, bearing the image of the heavenly. “So also is the resurrection of the dead (of all who die in Adam). It is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. . . . And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bare the image of the heavenly.” I Cor. 15:42-44, 49. Let it not be forgotten that the Apostle is here speaking of a universal resurrection of all who die in Adam. Of this there can be no doubt. That act is prominent through the whole of this highly important chapter. A blessed immortality then for all mankind is established beyond all doubt, all cavel.
53. The writer, in the same chapter, repeats the same soul-inspiring truth. “The dead (all who die in Adam) shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruption must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.” I Cor. 15: 52, 53.
54. The Apostle again teaches that the change from earthly to heavenly is to be universal. “Behold I show you a mystery; we shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump; for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.” I Cor. 15: 51, 52. Dr. Clarke understands this to refer to all mankind. He says, the “resurrection of all the dead, from the foundation of the world to that time, and the change of all the living then upon the earth, shall be the work of a single moment.” The change, then, is to be universal – the living and the dead are to be changed. But notwithstanding this plain testimony, it is supposed by some there is to be no change after death; that during the countless ages of eternity, all will retain the same characters they possessed when they breathed their last breath and heaved their last sigh in this world – a doctrine at variance with reason, benevolence and the word of God. If it is true, but few will participate in the joys of heaven, for nearly all of mankind live and die, more or less sinful. But it is not true; all who die in Adam are to be made alive in Christ.
55. “The last enemy, death, shall be destroyed.” I Cor. 15:26. This is an additional evidence that Paul speaks of a universal resurrection, for as Dr. Clarke says, in commenting on this passage: “But death cannot be destroyed by there being no further death; death can only b destroyed and annihilated by a general resurrection; o there be no general resurrection it is mot evident that death will retain his empire. Therefore, the fact that death shall be destroyed, assures the fact that there shall be a general resurrection; and this is a proof, also, that after the resurrection, there shall be no more death.” The Doctor is undoubtedly correct – there will be NO MORE DEATH AFTER THE GENERAL RESURRECTION, for death will be swallowed up in eternal life. Why then, do men threaten their fellow men with “eternal death,” with a “death that never dies,” beyond the resurrection? Paul knew nothing of such a death. Remark also, that temporal death is man’s last enemy. Before we encounter death we have many enemies to grapple with. Sin, temptation and suffering beset us from the cradle to the grave; but death is the last of the series and Almighty God will destroy that one. But this is not the common opinion. It is supposed by some that when death shall be destroyed, a large part of mankind will have innumerable enemies to encounter – that God, Christ and all the angels of heaven, and all the devils in hell will be their enemies. But this is a mistake, for death is the last enemy, and there can surely be no enemy beyond the last.
56. In the resurrection God will be all in all. “And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be ALL IN ALL.” I Cor. 15:28. “God is love” and so in the resurrection state all will be redeemed from the dominion of sin, and be imbued with love divine. What a blessed promise! What a glorious theme for contemplation! Love will triumph over all opposing obstacles and enthrone itself in every heart. Then will the purpose of God relative to man’s destiny, be consummated; then will Jesus have performed his Father’s will.
57. All will become equal to the angels. Said Jesus to the Sadduces, “Ye do err, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.” Matt. 22: 29-30. Luke records his words thus: “The children of this world marry and are given in marriage; but they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; neither can they die any more; for they are equal unto the angels, and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.” Luke 20: 34-36. That Jesus teaches the resurrection of all the dead, is evident from two considerations. First, the Sadduces questioned him about the resurrection of THE DEAD, not of any particular class, but of the dead in general, and our Lord in answering them, also speaks of THE DEAD in general. Second, he says all who “shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world – the future world – and the resurrection from the dead,” etc. I ask, does not Christ uniformly teach that all mankind will be raised from the dead, and exist in the future state? Well, then, as all will be raised, all will live hereafter. Jesus speaks of a universal resurrection. This conclusion cannot be avoided, although we may not know why he used what to us appears to be a qualifying term.
The character of mankind in the future sate is clearly revealed. They shall be “like the angels in heaven, equal to the angels of God; shall die no more; shall be the children of God.” Oh, what exaltation for worms of the dust to attain!
58. In the same answer to the Sadducees there is another argument for a universal resurrection to eternal blessedness. Says Jesus: “For he is not the God of the dead, but of the living; for all live unto him.” What does all relate to in this passage? Evidently to the dead. All the dead, then, live unto God. None live unto sin or the devil, but all the dead live unto God.
59. Our Redeemer likewise says: “I am the resurrection and the life. John 11:25. If Christ will raise any to endure eternal misery, he would have said that he was the damnation as well as the life.
60. “Christ hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the Gospel.” II Tim. 1:10. Observe, Christ did not bring eternal death and an endless hell to light. He revealed life and immortality only for our race beyond the grave. This is a very important declaration, and in no part of the Bible is it contradicted. Remember, temporal death is the last enemy man will ever encounter, and that is to be destroyed by the Lord Omnipotent. Amen.
61. “Christ died and rose again, that he might be the Lord both of the dead and the living.” Rom. 14:9. Peter says: “The word which God sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: he is Lord of all.” Acts 10:36. Lord means owner: Jesus, then, is the owner of all mankind – the dead and the living; and hence, when Paul, speaking of the glorious resurrection of all the dead, says: “But every one in his own order: Christ, the first fruits, and afterwards, those that are Christ’s at his coming” – (I Cor. 15:23) – he means that all the dead shall be raised in Christ’s possession. Will one soul that belongs to Jesus Christ be forever lost? Reader, reflect upon that question.
62. Christ will destroy the devil. “Forasmuch, then, as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he, also, himself (i.e., Christ), took part of the same, that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death – that is, the devil.” Heb. 2:14.
63. Jesus will not only destroy the devil, but he will destroy all his works. “For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil.” I John 3:8. The reign of all evil, then, is to cease; the Prince of Peace is to be its conqueror. How false, then, is the notion that sin and misery will continue forever!
64. The advent of Christ is good news to all people. “Fear not,” said the angel who announced it, “for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people.” Luke 2:10. If any of mankind should not be saved by Jesus, could his coming be an occasion of great joy to them? What reason would those have to rejoice at that event, who may be doomed by him to sin, blow the flames of hell, and live with devils forever? Would he not curse rather than bless them?
65. The angels, at the birth of our Redeemer, cried, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.” Luke 2:14. This is a very important passage. Jesus was to promote the glory of God in the highest degree; was a messenger of peace to all men; and was an evidence of God’s good will to all our race. How false, then, is the doctrine that robs God of much glory, makes Jesus a messenger of wrath to part of mankind, and says God has an evil will toward some of his creatures!
66. The Gospel is good news to all men. Said Christ to his disciples, “Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature.” Mark 16:15. The meaning of the word Gospel is “good news,” “glad tidings,” and this they were commanded to proclaim to all men. This is the Gospel – Jesus Christ will redeem the world from sin, error, pain, death, and the grave, and give unto all immortality and eternal life. This is good news to every creature. Do those preach the Gospel who threaten their hearers with eternal sinning, eternal suffering, and eternal dying?
67. Christ’s name, and office, is Savior. “Thou shalt call his name Jesus (which means Savior), for he shall save his people from their sins.” Matt. 1:21. I have proved that all people – “the dead and the living,” “all things” – were given to Christ; and here we are told that he will save them, (remember, he is called the Savior of the world), and hence his very appropriate name.
68. In the character of God, as exhibited by the spirit, the works, and the whole life of Christ, we find an irrefutable argument for universal salvation. Jesus appeared on earth in the character of a Savior, not of a destroyer; a friend, not a foe of mankind; an impartial and kind benefactor of all, not a capricious revenger of pretended or real wrongs. When persecuted, he retaliated not; when reviled, he reviled not; when reproached and scoffed at, he did not curse his foes. His whole life was one continued exhibition of love, benevolence, and compassion. It is emphatically and truly said of him, “he went about doing good.” To the poor and needy he was condescending and humane. He gave health to the sick, feet to the lame, ears to the deaf, speech to the dumb, sanity to the lunatic, bread to the hungry, forgiveness to the sinful, salvation to the lost, and life to the dead. Ever merciful and mild, he compassionated the sufferings of every condition. He wept at the grave of Lazarus, his friend, and also over the approaching woes of Jerusalem, where resided his bitterest foes; and even for his bloody and cruel murderers he prayed on the cross, and in the agonies of death at their unfeeling hands, besought his Father for their forgiveness.
If we would know the character of God, we must study the character of Jesus; if we would know how God will deal with those who love or hate him, his friends and foes, we should learn how Christ dealt with those classes, for he “was God manifested in the flesh,” “was the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person.” The character, then, of Christ is the character of God; the tenderness and compassion that Jesus possessed for all men, the good, the evil, is that which God possesses for all mankind. If our heavenly Father is as benevolent, compassionate, and forgiving, as his Son, will he bless or curse, save or damn our race? Will he be merciful or unmerciful to us? Will he favor us with everlasting life, or curse us with everlasting death? Will he take us to heaven, or shut us up in hell? Will he permit us to enjoy his presence, or put us in possession of the devil?
69. Jesus commanded his disciples to beware of the doctrine of the Pharisees and Sadducees. Matt. 16:12. The Sadducees denied the resurrection of the dead, and the Pharisees believed in the doctrine of endless misery. According to Jesus, both of these dogmas are false and dangerous. Reader, beware, beware of infidelity and the doctrine of endless woe.
70. Christ prayed for the whole world. “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word. * * * That the world may believe that thou hast sent me. * * * “That the world may know that thou hast sent me.” John 17:20-23. Jesus, then, prayed that the world – all mankind – might believe on him, might know him, “whom to know is life eternal.” And he must have prayed in faith: for an apostle says, “That which is not of faith is sin.” Rom. 14:23. Would Jesus have prayed thus if he had known that half of the dead were then beyond the reach of mercy, and that God would consign unborn millions to a region of hopeless despair? Why pray for all if mercy could only reach a part? And could he have prayed in faith for all, if he had known that millions were already damned endlessly, and that multitudes yet to live would be? Impossible!
71. The angels of heaven desire the salvation of all men. We are told that “there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.” Luke 15:10. They, therefore, desire that all may repent and would rejoice with exceeding great joy if all should do so. Is not that benevolent desire of the angels a righteous one? And, will not the Creator cause it to be realized?
72. We are commanded to pray for all. “I exhort, therefore, that supplication, prayers, etc., be made for all men.” I Tim. 2:1. God would not require us to pray for all if it was not his purpose that salvation should be universally enjoyed, although Partialism contends for this absurdity. What! The all-wise God command his creatures to ask him to grant what is not, never was, and never will be, his intention to bestow! Oh, how inconsistent is error!
73. None can obey the divine commandment, which is, to pray for all men in faith, unless they believe in universal salvation. Calvinists can pray for all; but for the elect only can they pray in faith. Arminians can pray for all; but, in faith, only for part. But Universalists can pray for all mankind, and that, too, in full faith, “without wrath or doubting.” They are the only class of Christians who do obey both of these divine injunctions, and whose faith corresponds with their prayers. Let this be remembered.
74. It is the desire of every true Christian that all may be redeemed. There is not a follower of Christ on earth, but who desires that all our race may enjoy the salvation of God. This blessed faith is in accordance with every Christian’s heart. Wicked men only hope it may prove false, that they may be gratified by the damnation o their enemies. This is a powerful argument in favor of universal blessedness.
It is, then, the will of God – was the prayer of Christ – is the desire of all the angels of heaven, and of all the Christians on earth, that all mankind may “be saved, and come to the knowledge of the truth.” Can that be an error, which God, Christ, all the angels and Christians are in favor of? Are they all enlisted on the side of a base falsehood? Reader, ponder on this subject.
75. The goodness of men would cause them to save all, if they had power. And, will not God redeem all, who is infinite in goodness, and has ample power? Would the drop of love in the human breast save the world, and will the ocean of love which God possesses cause him to damn half of it? Can a stream rise higher than its fountain? “Shall mortal man be more just than God? Shall a man be more pure than his Maker?” Job 4:17. A man would be deemed a monster who should say that he would, if he could, ruin half of mankind; yet, we are told that God has said he will do it! What blasphemy! May the Lord forgive those who sin thus.
76. We are directed to give thanks for all men. I Tim. 3:1. Truly, then, all have something to be grateful for. But, if eternal woe is to be the doom of some of our countrymen, citizens, neighbors, relatives, and household, it would have been far better if our race had never existed; especially that portion thereof that may be the subjects of infinite wrath and vengeance forever. We are told that all the happiness those enjoy on earth, who may in the end be cast into hell, will infinitely increase their sufferings in that awful world, by contrasting their condition in perdition with what it once was; so that, even the few joys they once knew will be an endless curse to them. What reason, then, will they have to be thankful for life or any of its delusive shadows? If the doctrine of eternal woe be true, they are all dreadful curses in disguise. But, thank God, this life and all its joys are real blessings to all: they will not end in our eternal condemnation; and while life, being, and immortality endure, all will have reason to be thankful to God for bestowing them.
77. Christ “can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way.” Heb. 5:2. Who, then, dare say that he will not have compassion on those classes, enlighten their minds, and lead them in the right way? He surely will; for he is the Light of the world, and the Savior of lost men. But, according to Partialism, he will have no compassion for countless millions of our frail race, but will make it his business to drive them into hell, and there torment them eternally. Who can believe that our blessed Redeemer is, or ever will be, so cruel?
78. The law of God requires all mankind to love him with all the heart, and soul, and strength, and their neighbor as themselves; and hence, it is said by St. Paul, that “love is the fulfilling of the law.” Will all mankind ever love thus? Will the law ever be fulfilled? Jesus informs us that love divine will reign in all hearts – that the law will be fulfilled. “Verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.” Matt. 5:18. This is a triumphant refutation of the doctrine of endless hatred and sinning. The law of God requires, for its fulfillment, all to love and serve God, and Christ teaches that the law shall be fulfilled.
79. The doctrines of Jesus are of such a character that, when he preached, the people “wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth.” Luke 4:22. Is there any grace in the doctrine of eternal damnation? If there is not, he did not preach it; for, “gracious words” were spoken by him. Jesus taught that God is the Father of mankind, in truth as well as in name; that his name and nature are love; and that he will finally deliver his offspring from the sorrows and imperfections of earth, and exalt them to heaven. The people were not accustomed to such “gracious words,” and well might they wonder.
80. Jesus tells us not to take anxious thought of the future. Matt. 6:25-34. We should trust in God. He is able and willing to save us, and he has solemnly promised that he will. God, immediately after the flood, told Noah that, “While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, shall not cease.” Gen. 8:22. Would it not be impious to doubt the fulfillment of this promise? To be anxious about the return of the seasons, and of day and night? It certainly would. Is it not equally impious to be fearful that God will not provide for our eternal well being? All that is required of us is, “to deal justly, love mercy, and walk humbly before God.” He will provide for us hereafter. Our destiny is in his keeping.
81. Jesus reproved the Pharisees for shutting up the kingdom of heaven against men. “Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men; for ye neither go in yourselves, nor suffer ye them that are entering to go in.” Matt. 23:13. They were never guilty of shutting up the kingdom of hell – they were perfectly willing that it should be kept open, and that many should go in thereat; but the door of the kingdom of heaven they endeavored to close against all who did not think and do as they did. How many there are at this day just like the Scribes and Pharisees of old! They open hell and shut heaven to most of mankind. If Jesus were on earth, he would say to them, “Woe unto you!” as he did unto their ancient brethren. Remember, elsewhere Christ said to his disciples, “Beware of the doctrine of the Scribes and Pharisees.” Jesus labored, preached, suffered, died, rose from the dead, and ascended on high, that all might enter his kingdom; and we are informed that “he shall see of the travail of his soul, and be satisfied.” All, then, will finally enter the kingdom of heaven.
82. Peter was instructed in a vision, that all mankind came from heaven; that they are, while on earth, protected by heavenly power; and that they “all will be drawn up again into heaven.” Acts 10:10-16.
83. The same truth is taught by Paul, when he says, “For of him (God), and through him, and to him, are all things.” Rom. 11:36
84. The same soul-cheering truth is also taught by the wise man. “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was; but the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” Eccl. 12:7. From these three passages we learn, that mankind are of divine origin; are, while on earth, under divine protection; and when they leave this world, return to that great and good Being who created and sustains them. Says Jesus, “If I be lifted up from the earth, I will draw all men unto me.” John 12:32. Amen.
85. It is also written, “Therefore, as by the offense of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation, even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.” Rom. 5:18. Observe, first, the judgment to condemnation came on all men. None are excepted – all were condemned. Second, the free gift, with justification of life, also came on all men. The free gift of eternal life is to be equal in extent to condemnation, and all are to enjoy eternal life. Can argument be more complete?
86. In the next verse it is written, “For, as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” Romans 5:19. The same many that were made sinners shall be made righteous. Dr. Macknight, an orthodox Commentator, thus comments on this verse: “For, as the many, in the first part of this verse, does not mean some of mankind only, but all mankind, from first to last, who, without exception, are constituted sinners, so the many in the latter part of the verse, who are said to be constituted righteous, through the obedience o Christ, must mean all mankind, from the beginning to the end of the world, without exception.” Is not this argument also complete?
87. The same writer, in the next verse, adds: “But, where sin abounded, grace did much more abound.” Grace, then, is to abound beyond sin. But, how can this be, unless all enjoy this grace? All mankind sin; and in order for grace to abound much more than sin, all men must partake of that grace.
88. Paul says that, “As sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ, our Lord.” Rom. 5:21. Sin hath reigned unto death. All sin, and all receive its wages – moral death. Grace is to reign unto eternal life. All are to be recipients of this grace, and enjoy eternal life.
89. We are required to love our enemies, that we may be like our heavenly Father. Matt. 5:44. It is, then, a glorious truth that God loves his enemies; for, if he does not, we, by loving ours, would not imitate him. The fact that we are required to love our enemies – to be Godlike – is proof positive that God loves his. I know this is deemed by some a false and dangerous doctrine; and many go so far as to say that it came from hell and that the devil is the father of it! But, it is of more respectable origin; it came from heaven, and he God of purity and truth is its author, and Jesus Christ was sent by the Father to inform the world of this truth. It is not strange that some suppose that God will torment a part of those he loves, without relief and without end? The hawk loves the dove, the wolf loves the lamb – loves to torment them. Is everlasting burning the fruit of God’s love? Mr. Shinn very truthfully remarks: “And what greater cruelty can be conceived than for creatures to be filled as full of torments as their capacity can hold, and be confined in necessary sin and misery without end, by Almighty power?”
“Alas! This doctrine casts its shadow far behind, and eclipses all the sacred and soul-cheering truths of the Christian religion! In vain may we be told of the good Providence of God toward the Jews or the Gentiles; in vain may we behold the mild and beautiful character of the Savior, as “the brightness of the Father’s glory, and the express image of his person”; in vain may we study the justice, the veracity, and the kindness of our Maker’s conduct in the present world. The doctrine under review carries the universe forward to a gloomy consummation, and causes all those stars of encouraging doctrine to set under an unfathomable of mystery and darkness, which seems plainly undistinguishable from an unprincipled and unfeeling despotism.”
90. We are all required to “bless those that curse us,” that we may be “merciful, as God is merciful.” Luke 6:28, 36. How false, then, is the dogma which represents God as cursing forever those who are so unwise as to pollute their lips with profanity; which says, because men do wrong, God will do infinitely worse – will pour out volleys of curses upon their defenseless souls eternally! This doctrine degrades the Almighty below the most profane wretch on earth. Remember, we are required to bless them that curse us, that we may be Godlike.
91. It is said, we must do good to them that hate us, that we may be merciful, as God is merciful. Matt. 5:44, 48. Luke 6:27, 36. The unavoidable inference from this injunction of our divine Master is, that God is so merciful and so kind that he even does good to them that hate him; and as he is unchangeable, he always will do good to them. This goodness will finally subdue the hardest heart, and cause those who now hate him to love him with all their soul and strength. This passage fully refutes the idea that God hates and will forever hate a portion of our race.
92. We are all commanded to pray for those who despitefully use us and persecute us. Matt. 5:44. Luke 6:28. Will he who requires his children to cherish such benevolent feelings toward the erring, forever be unreconciled to them, never forgive them, but delight to despitefully use them and persecute them? If so, he requires us to be infinitely better than he himself.
93. Jesus said: “If ye love them (only) that love you, what reward have ye? Do not even the publicans the same?” Matt. 5:46. If God loves only those who love him, wherein is he better than the publicans? If God loves only those who love him, why should not we love only those who love us? Is it not right to imitate God?
But, I have proved that God loves all, blesses all, does good to all; and, as he is unchangeable, he always will love all, do good to all, and bless all. Can these conclusions be avoided? The dogma, then, of endless hatred and endless cursing, is false – false as perjury! It is sometimes said that Jesus never condemned the doctrine of endless torments. In the whole five passages he condemns the principles upon which that dogma is based, Alexander Pope says: “Hell is built on spite”; and he speaks the truth: and Jesus condemns all spite, hatred, and revenge and informs us that those evil passions are not of heaven, but of earth, and are sensual and devilish. Remember that we are required to love our enemies, do good to them that hate us, and pray for those who despitefully use us and persecute us, that we may be like God; perfect, as he is perfect; merciful, as he is merciful; and hence, it must be that God loves all, and hates none; blesses all, and curses none. This is Universalism in its purity; and it is entirely unlike the doctrine of eternal hatred, eternal vengeance, and eternal cursing, which is so popular with many Christians. Oh, that all knew that God is love!
94. “If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink; for, by so doing, thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head.” Rom. 12:20; Prov. 25:21. Would God require us to deal thus with our fellow men if he will soon, in another world, put it out of our power to do good? We must, according to his command, ever be striving to reform our fellow men by deeds of kindness; but, we are told that in the spirit-land, God will not permit us to obey this injunction, or regard it himself; so that what is right and holy here, is wrong and sinful there; what is obedience in this world is disobedience in the next; and therefore, it will be perfectly right for him to pour coals of hell fire, “in one eternal storm,” upon the heads of part of his children, and the “pure in heart” to stand by and say, Amen! “