Part 2 of 4: χξϛ or 666 and the Seventy Weeks of Daniel

Written By Thomas Perez. August 16, 2017 at 10:22AM. Copyright 2017.

Picking up from where we left off in my prior article, discussion pertaining to the “abominations of desolations,” the “man of sin,” “the lawless one,” “the Antichrist,” will now commence. At the end of Part 1, we left the discussion pertaining to the identity of the Antichrist to be possibly revealed here. In this article, we will only discuss the various notable, and more serious, theories/possiblity in order to ascertain a better overall prophetic understanding of insight and “wisdom” with reference to Antichrist and his/it’s symbol/number. In order to do that we will ask a simple question. Is the “abomination of desolation” a symbol or a number? To answer that question let us look into Revelation 13:18. In English (taken from the KJV), Revelation 13:18 reads as follows…

“Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the Beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is six hundred threescore and six”

In Greek, Revelation 13:18 reads as follows…

The term “Abomination of Desolation” spoken by Jesus (Matthew 24:15) is synonymous with Daniel’s “abomination of desolation,” and his little boastful and blasphemous horn of Daniel 7. It is also synonymous with St. Paul’s; the “Man of Sin,” and “the Lawless One,” (II The 2:1-9), St. John’s Antichrist (I Jn 4:3) and his Beast, it’s image, symbol or number – 666 (Revelation 13:18). Some manuscripts have the number 616, but we will look into that in the next article. For now, let us concentrate on those three six’s.

Possibility Number One:

Besides the obvious pure nonsense that we read or watch on the internet like; Saddam Hussain, George W. Bush, Barack Obama, Donald Trump, and even Prince William as being the Antichrist, nothing comes closer to accuracy’s than the five possiblities we will be covering. However, they will not all be revealed in this article. They will be revealed in a continuing article. First on the agenda, we have the name “Jesus Christ.” “What’s that you say?” Yes, you read that right. It is considered one of the possibilities out of the five.

Jesus Christ, the Antichrist?

A relatively new theory, though difficult to find. It “kind of” dawned upon me when reading Daniel 9:25-27. And when it did, I decided to look into the possibility. I do not claim in this theory that the person who was killed “cut off,” as cited by Daniel, buried and raised from the dead is not Messiah, the Anointed, but I claim, rather another persona, namely the spirit of Antichrist, who has cloked itself through, and in, the name of “Jesus Christ.” I presuppose a pagan mythical makeover from imperial Rome to that of the imperial church, namely the Papacy. To support this theory, please simply view Rev 13:18 as a symbol, not a number. Let’s see if this possibility has any merit, even some.

The following picture is taken from my ‘New King James Version Greek-English Interlinear New Testament.’ It is a picture of Revelation 13:18. As we can see, the “term” in Greek is not a number, but it appears to be a cryptic symbol. The symbol is χξϛ upon which the translators have used the numerical value of three six’s. The symbol also appears in the regular Greek Interlinear King James Version.

In the picture above we see that there are 3 distinct separate letters in the Greek alphabet – χ which is named chi, ξ which is named xi, and ϛ which is named sigma.

In the picture above, look at the letters (named) Chi, Xi, and Sigma. Why would John put their alphabetical names together? When put together they pronounce a “Chixisigma.” Transliterated it is “Chxs.” Both of these terms do not make any sense whatsoever. Or does it? Remember, John used it as a symbol of sorts. It would appear that we are to use it only as it is seen, not as it is pronounced.

According to this possibility, what John was shown in Revelation 13 was a vision of the mark, the symbol of the serpent, the pictogram, and the monogram of Jesus Christ. John did not see nor write a number. The symbol John saw was a symbol for Jesus Christ which is called a Christogram.

A Christogram is a monogram or combination of Greek letters that forms an abbreviation for the name of Jesus Christ, traditionally used as a Christian symbol. Christogram comes from the Latin phrase “Christi Monogramma“, meaning “monogram of Christ.” There were, and are, many Christograms representing the name “Jesus Christ.”

In his vision, John saw one of those monograms, or symbols of Jesus Christ. There were many Christograms used throughout history and all of them use different combinations of the Greek letters in Christos – ΧΡΙΣΤΟS. They also exist today in several variations. The monogram that John wrote down is unique using the Greek letter that symbolizes the serpent. John used the first and last Greek letters in ΧΡΙΣΤΟS (the most common symbol in history for Jesus Christ) with the letter sigma ϛ in the middle.

In reference to the name Jesus, spelled like this “ΙΗΣΟΥΣ” in Greek capital letters, it contains the abbreviation IHS (also written as JHS, IHC, or ΙΗΣ) in it’s name. The name Christus, spelled like “ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ,” in Greek has the XP (and inflectional variants such as XPO, XPS, XPI, XPO, and XPM) in it. In Eastern Christian tradition, the monogram ΙϹΧϹ (with titlo, indicating scribal abbreviation) is used in both; Greek and Cyrillic traditions.

Eastern Christian tradition also maintians the “IC XC” initials, written also as a Christogram – thus a monogram of “Jesus Christ” during the Hellenistic period. When Jesus Christ is written in Greek, it looks like this; ΙΗΣΟΥΣ ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ. If we take the first and last letters of ΙΗΣΟΥΣ (“Jesus”) and ΧΡΙΣΤΟΣ (“Christ”) we are left with: ΙΣ ΧΣ. Today that would read IS XS.

Moreover, the Catholic Encyclopedia states; “IHS – a monogram of the Jesus Christ. From the third century the names of our Saviour are sometimes shortened, particularly in Christian inscriptions (IH and XP, for Jesus and Christus). In the next century the “sigla” (chi-rho) occurs not only as an abbreviation but also as a symbol. From the beginning, however, in Christian inscriptions the nomina sacra, or names of Jesus Christ, were shortened by contraction, thus IC / XC (which is IS / XS today) or IHS and XPS for Iesous Christos.”

What Others Have Said:

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

“the mark, or the name – Greek, “the mark (namely), the name of the beast.” The mark may be, as in the case of the sealing of the saints in the forehead, not a visible mark, but symbolic of allegiance. So is the sign of the cross in Popery, not a visible mark, but of allegiance. The Pope’s interdict has often shut out the excommunicate from social and commercial intercourse.”

Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible

“And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark – “If any.”

dissent from the stated and authorized forms (of Christianity); they are condemned and excommunicated as heretics; and in consequence of that they are no longer suffered to buy or sell; they are interdicted from traffic and commerce, and all the benefits of civil society.”

Roger Hoveden Relates of William the Conqueror,

“that he was so dutiful to the pope that he would not permit any one in his power to buy or sell any thing whom he found disobedient to the apostolic see (The Pope).”

The Canon of the Council of Lateran, Under Pope Alexander III.,

“made against the Waldenses and Albigenses, enjoins, upon pain of anathema, that no man presume to entertain or cherish them in his house or land, or exercise traffic with them (that do not follow Papal authority).”

The Synod of Tours, in France, Under the same Pope, Orders,

“under the like intermination, that no man should presume to receive or assist them, no, not so much as hold any communion with them, in selling or buying; that, being deprived of the comfort of humanity they may be compelled to repent of the error of their way.”

It Was Ordered By a Bull of Pope Martin the Fifth,

“that no contract should be made with such, and that they should not follow any business and merchandise: save he that had the mark; took the oath to be true to the pope, or made a public profession of the Popish religion: or the name of the beast; Papists, so called from the pope.”

Naturally this form of servitude would need a seal of obedience, a mark, a seal – the cross perhaps? The early Church Fathers attested to the use of the sign of the cross and that it is the Seal or Mark of Christianity; the mark that opposes The Shema.

Tertullian (ca. 250) Described the Commonness of the Sign of the Cross:

“In all our travels and movements, in all our coming in and going out, in putting on our shoes, at the bath, at the table, in lighting our candles, in lying down, in sitting down, whatever employment occupies us, we mark our foreheads with the sign of the cross” (De corona, 30).

St. Cyril of Jerusalem (ca. 386) in His Catechetical Lectures Stated,

“Let us then not be ashamed to confess the Crucified. Be the cross our seal, made with boldness by our fingers on our brow and in everything; over the bread we eat and the cups we drink, in our comings and in our goings out; before our sleep, when we lie down and when we awake; when we are traveling, and when we are at rest” (Catecheses, 13).

The Chi Rho symbol has pre-Christian connections and is believed to have been revered by the pagan Greeks as representative of good fortune. Pagan Greek scribes used the symbol in the margin to mark passages they considered especially significant or relevant, with the letters Chi and Rho denoting ‘chreston’ that means ‘good’. The sign has also been found on the coins of Ptolemy III (246-222 BCE).

Moreover, the Battle of the Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312AD was a decisive victory for Emperor Constantine over his rival Maxentius. According to Eusebuis of Caesarea and Lanctantius, the battle marked the beginning of Constantine’s conversion to Christianity. Eusebius of Caesarea recounts that Constantine and his soldiers had a vision sent by the Christian God, citing “In this sign (symbol) conquer!” This was interpreted as a promise of victory if the sign of the “Chi Rho” the first two letters of Christ’s name in Greek, was painted on the soldiers’ shields. It was. After winning the Battle, Constantine had Maxentius’ head decapitated. And thus the Christian religion was off and running even stronger now, with backing and protection from the Emperor himself, supreme Pontiff. The deeply affected Emperor legalized the religion of Christianity across the Roman Empire. Later, the symbol also appeared on the coins of Emperor Constantine and his successors.

Church and state became one and grew in power and structure – hunting down heretics, pronouncing anathamas, setting up courts and inquisitional offices to stamp out the enemy and anyone who would disagree with her and her teachings. A far cry from the patificism of Messiah’s teachings of love and forgiveness. But this is what history teaches us. 

Many would be quick to point out that the name “Sigma” is now obsolete, and they would be correct. Dr. Strong admits this in his Strong’s Concordance of the Greek NT. According to Strong’s Greek Concordance 5516 – χξϛ chi xi stigma, khee xee stig’-ma; the 22nd, 14th and an obsolete letter (4742 as a cross) of the Greek alphabet (intermediate between the 5th and 6th), used as numbers; denoting respectively 600, 60 and 6; 666 as a numeral: – six hundred threescore and six. It should also be noted that stigma is based on the ancient Greek digamma and must not be confused with the modern Greek sigma. The following is a picture revealing such…

Similarly, in SGC we have; 4742 – στίγμα stígma, stig’-mah; from a primary στίζω stízō (to “stick”, i.e. prick); a mark incised or punched (for recognition of ownership), i.e. (figuratively) scar of service: – mark.

But none of this is possible, if the term “let him that hath understanding count the number of the Beast” is to persist. The passage renders the term “number,” not a “symbol.” With that in mind, I looked up the word “number” in Greek and found out that it comes from a root word – meaning to “lift up” “exhalt.” When we have chosen to take this line of lexical interpretation, which by all accounts are accurate approaches to understanding the origins of specific Hebrew and Greek words, we will always understand the meaning of a words etymological origins. I, myself, use this approach. The following are pictures that validate the term “symbol” as opposed to “number.” We will also note that in Strong’s 706, there is a root word, which comes from Strong’s 142.

Strong’s 706…

The root word – Strong’s 142 (pictured below) actually expresses an expiation…as in getting rid of sin. An odd thing to ponder in conjunction with the symbol of the Beast. It’s down-right odd and weird. However, it would have to be rendered by logic that the translaters should of used the term “symbol” instead of “number” to validate this supposition.

I also took into consideration the possibility of the NT being originally written in Aramaic as some maintain, and this is what I found. In Hebrew, the sentence six hundred and sixty six looks like this…שש מאות שישים ושש

This is how it looks in Arabic. Taken from the Syriac manuscripts…

ستمائة وستة وستين

Let it be known that if both were written originally before the Greek, it would have to be written as “six hundred and sixty six.” If we were to drop the word “and,” in the Hebrew or Aramaic, it would simply appear as three numerical 6x’s (666). But none of them do this. At least not to my knowledge.

Nevertheless, there is still something wrong with this possibility.

Since the name of “Jesus Christ” is rejected, then what name are we left with? Meaning, what name are we to accept? At this point many would naturally pick Messiah’s original Hebrew name; “Yahusha.” But the name “Yah” as in Yahweh, Hovaah, and other linguistic etymologies are highly suspect to “ruin,” “calamity” and other negative aspects. The following links are studies that were conducted by myself pertaining to Yah and Yahwism…

What is His Name?

To Be Born is to Die – Yahweh. To Die is to Be Born – El

Yahweh: The Two Faced God? A Deeper Look Into The Apocalypse Theater

I also find it quite odd the the prisoner that was released, whose name was Barabbas, has the same name in Hebrew “Yahusha” “Joshua” “Jesus – ΙΗΣΟΥΣ. The only difference here is that the name/title Christ – ΧΡΙΣΤΟS is not given to him. We only know Barabbas as the “Son of Abba.” Here are some pictures validating this statement…Note: the “Isr” in the picture means, “Israelite.”

Now let’s look at 1347…


And finally 1342. I had to take two pictures due to the definition appearing on both sides of the page…

Coincidence? With him being the son of Abba? Personally, I don’t think so. It could be a spiritual allegory, especially when the story of releasing a prisoner once a year is debatable. Critics of the story often cite that Josephus makes no mention of such a tradition. They also cite that Governor Pontius Pilate was impatient, cruel, and couldn’t care less about what was happening among the Jews. To him Jesus was just another Jew to be tried, found guilty and killed. Historical records indicate that Pilate did not hesitate in slaughtering Jews at the slightest hint of civil disobedience. This eventually led to political difficulties for Pilate, as Josephus indicates.

Josephus paints a different story. One of a man, namely Pilate, being stuck between a rock and a hard place due to earlier violence and unrest among the people (the Jews) caused by himself and his barbarism. Due to Pilate’s actions against the people (Jews), political uncertainties among the chosen, who were to be kept functioning among the people in order to keep them in check, began to erupt almost on a daily basis. The chosen, namely; king Herod, the high priest Caiaphas, and his Sanhedrin, were granted their mediocre authority to appease the people. Roman authorities who placed Pilate in his governotorial position, with the approval of Caesar, did not tolerate a man who couldn’t keep the people and those chosen to artificial authority in check – he would have lost his position. Therefore, the inclusion of Barabbas in the Gospel narratives are not too far fetched.

Conclusion: There seems to be a lot of coincidences in this article. Are they really coincidences? You be the judge. But then again, before we do that, we must look into the other four possiblities; starting with the second.

The Second Possibility:

To Be Continued

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