The Pale Blue Dot? Bibliography and Citations

Written, Cited and Arranged By Thomas Perez.

So far, there are exactly 703 citations! But as you can see, chapters 22 to 70, which will deal with debunking the debunkers, have not yet been completed. Pictures, images, photos and videos are also provided in the actual chapters, but they are not cited here.

Past and present scientists, physicists, various prestigious universities, journals, and even NASA, is quoted; along with various encyclopedias, works by those with their PhD’s, archived documents and other reliable sources, as needed, are also quoted. There will be more to come when chapters 20 to 70 are completed.

BIBLIOGRAPHY & CITATIONS

CHAPTER 1: PythagorasPtolemy, Copernicus, Kepler, Tycho and Newton; Standing the Test of Time

1. https://www.quora.com/What-will-happen-if-the-Pythagorean-theorem-is-proven-wrong-or-hypothetically-does-not-exist

2. Wikipedia (Wiki).

3. https://www.dpreview.com/forums/thread/4439012

4. https://photo.stackexchange.com/questions/86509/how-far-can-a-nikon-p900-focus

5. https://amp-businessinsider-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/amp.businessinsider.com/nikon-coolpix-p900-zooms-into-the-moon-2016-1?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s

6. Ibid. From 4 – photo Stack Exchange.

7. https://www.quora.com/How-far-can-you-see-a-boat-before-it-disappears-because-of-the-curvature-of-the-Earth

8. https://flatearthinsanity.blogspot.com/2016/08/flat-earth-follies-how-to-derive-8-per.html?m=1

9. https://www.omnicalculator.com/physics/earth-curvature

10. From Eudoxus to Einstein: a history of mathematical astronomy. Cambridge University Press. p. 52.

11. Ibid.

12. http://abyss.uoregon.edu/~js/glossary/hipparchus.html

13. The journal is abstracted in the Philosophy Research Index – STEP – Science and Technology in the European Periphery” Journal: STEP – Science and Technology in the European Periphery. Retrieved 2012-11-27.

14. Cosmos. By Carl Sagan. Random House. New York; 1980. Page 53.

15. https://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/whos_who_level2/copernicus.html

16. https://astronomy.stackexchange.com/questions/21941/how-can-we-see-venus-at-night

17. https://wikimili.com/en/Orbital_inclination

18. https://www.universetoday.com/36123/axis-of-venus/amp/

19. Westman, Robert S. (1975). The Copernican achievement. University of California Press. p. 322.

20. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “John Scottus Eriugena.” First published Thu Aug 28, 2003; substantive revision Sun Oct 17, 2004. Accessed April 30, 2014.

21. Ramasubramania, K. (1994). “Modification of the earlier Indian planetary theory by the Kerala astronomers (c. 1500 AD) and the implied heliocentric picture of planetary motion” (PDF). Current Science. 66: 784–90.

22. Joseph, George G. (2000), The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics, p. 408, Princeton University Press

23. Ramasubramanian, K., “Model of planetary motion in the works of Kerala astronomers”, Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India, 26: 11–31 [23–4].

24. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Johannes-Kepler

25. https://www.academia.edu/34989755/New_Philosophy_and_Old_Prejudices_Aspects_of_the_Reception_of_Copernicanism_in_a_Divided_Europe

26. Seligman, Courtney. Bradley’s Discovery of Stellar Aberration.(2013). http://cseligman.com/text/history/bradley.htm

27. Plait, Phil. (Sept. 14, 2010). Geocentrism Seriously? Discover Magazine. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2010/09/14/geocentrism-seriously/#.UVEn7leiBpd

28. Musgrave, Iam. (Nov. 14, 2010). Geo-xcentricities part 2; the view from Mars. Astroblog. http://astroblogger.blogspot.com/2010/11/geo-xcentricities-part-2-view-from-mars.html

29. https://www.academia.edu/35814658/Galileo_Was_Wrong_The_Church_Was_Right_Vol_1_12th_Edition

CHAPTER 2: Stellar Parallaxes, Stellar Aberrations and Geocentism

1. Ibid. Seligman, Courtney.

2. Ibid. Plait, Phil.

3. Ibid. Musgrave, Iam.

4. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/stellar+aberration

5. Ibid.

6. Schaffner, Kenneth F. (1972), Nineteenth-century aether theories, Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 99–117

7. https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/aberration+of+starlight

8. Mid 18th century. Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], p 4.

9. The etymological word comes from the Latin “(to wander away, to go astray)” – Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], p 2. Aberrations are about an objects light and it’s travel from there to the observer.

10. Wiki.

11. Williams, M. E. W. “Flamsteed’s Alleged Measurement of Annual Parallax for the Pole Star.” Journal for the History of Astronomy. 10 (2): 102–116.

12. Bradley, James (1727-1728). “A Letter from the Reverend Mr. James Bradley Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, and F.R.S. to Dr. Edmond Halley, Astronomer. Giving an Account of a New Discovered Motion of the Fix’d Stars.” Phil. Trans. R. Soc.35: 637–661.

13. Hirschfeld, Alan (2001). Parallax: The Race to Measure the Cosmos. New York, New York: Henry Holt.

14. Norton, John D., John D (2004). Einsteins Investigation of Galilean Covariant electrodynamics Prior to 1905. Archive for History of Exact Sciences 59:45-105.

15. George Smooth III. “Aristotle’s Physics” IbI.gov. Archived from the original on 20 Dec 2016.

16. Helrich, page 26.

17. https://www.britannica.com/science/Michelson-Morley-experiment.

18. https://www.britannica.com/science/ether-theoretical-substance

19. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/einstein/lrk-hand-emc2expl.html

20. http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Extras/Einstein_ether.html

21. https://www.quora.com/Why-do-flat-earthers-say-that-the-Michelson-Morley-experiment-Airys-failure-and-sagnac-prove-a-flat-stationary-earth?share=1

22. https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/37887103/debunking-the-sagnac-experiment-millennium-relativity

23. Ibid.

24. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_common_physics_notations

25. http://www.cyberphysics.co.uk/general_pages/alphabet.html

26. Ibid.

27. https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/29583/do-all-frequencies-of-light-have-the-same-speed

28. https://einstein.stanford.edu/content/relativity/q1917.html

29. https://www.livescience.com/29111-speed-of-light-not-constant.html

30. https://www.wilsonamplifiers.com/blog/8-reasons-why-cell-phone-signals-suddenly-go-bad/

31. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Submarine_communications_cable

32. https://www.airspacemag.com/flight-today/how-things-work-ring-laser-gyros32371541/#vidZpueLSjX28zC1.99

33. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Astronomical_unit#History

34. Liddell, Henry GeorgeScott, RobertA Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.

35. Donald Engels (1985). The Length of Eratosthenes’ StadeAmerican Journal of Philology 106 (3): 298 311. doi10.2307/295030(subscription required).

36. J. L. Berggren, Alexander Jones (2000). Ptolemy’s Geography: An Annotated Translation of the Theoretical Chapters. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691010427.

37. Edward Gulbekian (1987). The Origin and Value of the Stadion Unit used by Eratosthenes in the Third Century BCArchive for History of Exact Sciences 37 (4):359–363. doi:10.1007/BF00417008

38. Walkup, Newlyn (2005). “Eratosthenes and the Mystery of the Stades”The MAA Mathematical Sciences Digital Library. Retrieved 2008-07-29.

39. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2010/09/14/geocentrism-seriously/#.W47_Yx8pDqA

40. https://www.khanacademy.org/partner-content/nasa/measuringuniverse/spacemath1/a/the-geocentric-universe

41. https://www.quora.com/Is-it-possible-to-construct-a-modern-geocentric-model

42. https://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/23/science/after-400-years-a-challenge-to-kepler-he-fabricated-his-data-scholar-says.html?ref=oembed

CHAPTER 3: The Firmament/Dome

1. Strong’s Hebrew and Greek Concordance.

2. https://m.phys.org/news/2016-07-scenes-protostellar-disk-formation.html

3. Ibid. 2.

4. Ibid. 2.

5. Wiki.

6. http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/info/223-Planets-and-Disks

7. https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-news/ringed-disks-don’t-always-mean-planets/

8. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/earth-is-not-round/

9. https://www.quora.com/Why-is-the-Earth-oval-in-shape

10. https://www.dpreview.com/forums/thread/4439012

11. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Antarctic_expeditions

12. The Hollow Earth: The Greatest Geographical Discovery in History Made by Admiral Richard E. Byrd in the Mysterious Land Beyond the Poles, was published in 1964 by Raymond W. Bernard (a pseudonym for a man named Walter Siegmeister).

13. https://www.gralienreport.com/ufos/the-odd-exploits-of-admiral-byrd-bitter-reality-at-earths-end/

14. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674984715000518

15. http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-universe-not-expanding-01940.html

CHAPTER 4: The Apollo Missions; Did We Really Go? Objections Numbers 1, 2 And 3

1. https://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/

2. https://airandspace.si.edu/explore-and-learn/topics/apollo/apollo-program/landing-missions/apollo11-facts.cfm

3. https://www-cbsnews-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.cbsnews.com/amp/news/apollo-11-landing-watch-live-stream-the-moon-landing-original-date-50-year-anniversary-july-16-1969/?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cbsnews.com%2Fnews%2Fapollo-11-landing-watch-live-stream-the-moon-landing-original-date-50-year-anniversary-july-16-1969%2F

4. Ibid.

5. http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/alsj/a16/a16.html

6. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/about-us/45-our-solar-system/the-moon/the-moon-landings/122-are-there-telescopes-that-can-see-the-flag-and-lunar-rover-on-the-moon-beginner

7. https://www.nasa.gov/vision/universe/solarsystem/hubble_moon.html

8. https://www.space.com/12835-nasa-apollo-moon-landing-sites-photos-lro.html

9. https://www.space.com/12771-nasa-apollo-missions-photo-countdown.html

10. https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.space.com/amp/12835-nasa-apollo-moon-landing-sites-photos-lro.html

11. “NASA Probe Beams Home Best Moon Map Ever”Space.com. November 18, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2016.

12. Phillips, Tony; Barry, Patrick L. (July 11, 2005). “Abandoned Spaceships”. NASA. Archived from the original on August 8, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

13. Hautaluoma, Grey; Freeberg, Andy (July 17, 2009). “LRO Sees Apollo Landing Sites”. NASA. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

14. Garner, Robert, ed. (July 2, 2009). “LRO’s First Moon Images”. NASA. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

15. Harwood, William (June 18, 2009). “Atlas 5 rocket launches NASA Moon mission”CNet.com. Retrieved June 18, 2009.

16. Clark, Stephen (June 18, 2019). “10 years since its launch, NASA lunar orbiter remains crucial for moon landings”Spaceflight Now. Retrieved June 20, 2019.

17. Vincent Baeten; Philippe Vermeulen; Juan Antonio Fernández Pierna & Pierre Dardenne (June 2014). “From targeted to untargeted detection of contaminants and foreign bodies in food and feed using NIR spectroscopy”New Food magazine. pp. 18–23. Retrieved 26 June 2014.

18. Hoekzema, Nick. “Planetary & Cometary Exploration Cameras on Orbiters and Landers”. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

19. Neal-Jones, Nancy (2014-01-29). “NASA’s LRO Snaps a Picture of NASA’s LADEE Spacecraft”NASA. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

20. K. N. Burns; E. J. Speyerer; M. S. Robinson; T. Tran; M. R. Rosiek; B. A. Archinal; E. Howington-Kraus; LROC Science Team (25 August 2012). “Digital Elevation Models and Derived Products from LROC NAC STEREO observations” (PDF)International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XXXIX-B4, 2012 XXII ISPRS Congress. p. 483. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

21. Phillips, Tony; Barry, Patrick L. (July 11, 2005). “Abandoned Spaceships”. NASA. Archived from the original on August 8, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2009.

22. Ibid.

23. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/john-f-kennedy-and-nasa

24. https://www-nbcnews-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.nbcnews.com/mach/amp/ncna1027531?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#aoh=15632575514145&csi=1&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nbcnews.com%2Fmach%2Fscience%2Fapollo-11-eleven-things-you-never-knew-about-nasa-s-ncna1027531

25. Ksysing 2002, p. 71

26. Was The Apollo Moon Landing Fake?”American Patriot Friends Network (APFN). APFN.org. July 21, 2009. Retrieved November 25, 2008.

27. Longuski 2006 p. 102

28. Aaronovitch 2010, pp. 1–2, 6

29. http://www.cnn.com/2009/TECH/space/07/17/moon.landing.hoax/index.html

30. https://www-sciencefocus-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.sciencefocus.com/space/if-neil-armstrong-was-first-on-the-moon-who-filmed-him-on-the-ladder/amp/?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.sciencefocus.com%2Fspace%2Fif-neil-armstrong-was-first-on-the-moon-who-filmed-him-on-the-ladder%2F

31. Steven-Boniecki, Dwight (2010). Live TV From the Moon. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books.

32. A Detailed Look at the Camera Gear Behind the Historical Apollo 11 Moon Landing”petapixel.com. Retrieved March 11, 2019.

33. “Photography During Apollo”http://www.history.nasa.gov. Retrieved March 11, 2019.

34. Teitel, Amy Shira (February 5, 2016). “How NASA Broadcast Neil Armstrong Live from the Moon”Popular Science. Retrieved March 11,2019.

35. https://www-express-co-uk.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.express.co.uk/news/science/1155792/moon-landing-faked-how-was-nasa-apollo-11-moon-landing-filmed-camera-space/amp?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.express.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fscience%2F1155792%2Fmoon-landing-faked-how-was-nasa-apollo-11-moon-landing-filmed-camera-space

36. https://www.rocketstock.com/blog/visual-effects-matte-paintings-composited-film/

37. Ibid.

38. Ibid.

39. Ibid.

40. “The Keys To Chromakey: How To Use A Green Screen”. Videomaker. Retrieved 23 October 2017.

41. https://www.dictionary.com/e/area-51/

42. https://www.universetoday.com/117331/how-nasa-filmed-humans-last-leaving-the-moon-42-years-ago/

43. Anthony, James. “Fly Me to the Moon”Web Wombat. Web Wombat Pty Ltd. Retrieved November 25, 2008.

44. http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread1057296/pg5

45. https://www.moongiant.com/phase/07/20/1969

46. https://www.calendar-12.com/moon_calendar/1969/july

47. https://www.timeanddate.com/astronomy/moon/distance.html?year=2019&n=403

48. Harrison 2021, p. 96.

49. Plait 2002, p. 164.

50. Plait 2002, pp. 163–65

51. Apollo 11 Preliminary Science Report” (PDF). NASA. 1969. NASA SP-214. Retrieved May 1, 2013.

52. http://www.moonhoaxdebunked.com/2017/07/811-why-is-there-no-dust-on-apollo-11s.html?m=1

53. Ibid.

54. Ibid.

55. Orloff, Richard W. (September 2004) [First published 2000]. “Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference”NASA History Program Office. NASA. ISBN 0-16-050631-X. NASA SP-2000-4029. Retrieved May 31, 2013. See Statistical Tables: “Selected Mission Weights (lbs)” and “LM Descent Stage Propellant Status”.

56. Rogers, William F. “Apollo Lunar Module Landing Gear” (PDF)Apollo Lunar Surface Journal. NASA. Retrieved May 31, 2013.

57. Wiki. Heiken 1991, pp. 475–476.

58. Sarkissian, John M. (2001). “On Eagle’s Wings: The Parkes Observatory’s Support of the Apollo 11 Mission.” Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing for the Astronomical Society of Australia 18 (3): 287–310. Bibcode 2001PASA…18..287S. doi: 10.1071/AS01038. Retrieved November 25, 2008. October 2000 website version, part 1 of 12: “Introduction.” Original version available from CSIRO Parkes Observatory (PDF).

59. Ibid.

60. http://www.hq.nasa.gov/alsj/a11/video11.html#Lan

61. telegraph.co.uk/…/NASA-release-unseen-moon-landing-footage

62. https://hoaxeye.com/2021/06/05/nixon-talking-to-apollo-11/amp/

63. https://www.livescience.com/50259-microwaves.html

64. http://www.arrl.org/eavesdropping-on-apollo-11

65. https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/33359/hijacked-space-data-notable-instances-of-recovering-images-or-other-goodies-fro/33361#33361

66. http://www.spaceacademy.net.au/spacelink/radiospace.htm

67. http://www.differencebetween.net/science/difference-between-ghz-and-mhz/#:~:text=Differences%20between%20the%20two%3A,and%20clock%20speeds%20of%20CPUs.

68. https://www.mvorganizing.org/how-many-zeros-is-a-gigahertz/

69. https://apollohoax.proboards.com/thread/2747/larry-baysingers-recording-a11

70. https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/40664/what-was-the-transmitting-power-of-the-apollo-astronauts-plss-vhf-radio-transmi

71. http://observatory.jctcfaculty.org/APOLLO11/

72. https://www.aulis.com/j_white_col2.htm

73. Gary Mayo Video.

CHAPTER 5: The Apollo Missions; Did We Really Go? Objections Numbers 5, 6 And 7

1. https://www-space-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.space.com/amp/33948-van-allen-radiation-belts.html?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.space.com%2F33948-van-allen-radiation-belts.html

2. http://discovermagazine.com/2014/jan-feb/92-third-radiation-belt-discovered-around-earth

3. https://www.popsci.com/blog-network/vintage-space/apollo-rocketed-through-van-allen-belts/

4. Ibid.

5. http://www.braeunig.us/apollo/apollo11-TLI.htm

6. https://www.space.com/27979-van-allen-belts-barrier-particles.html

7. https://www.geek.com/news/group-of-physicists-plans-to-wipe-out-earths-van-allen-belts-with-radio-waves-1586037/

8. https://spectrum.ieee.org/aerospace/astrophysics/hacking-the-van-allen-belts

9. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/space-radiation-won-t-stop-nasa-s-human-exploration/

10. https://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/livinginspace/27jan_solarflares.html

11. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/occupational-exposure

12. Click to access Pub1081_web.pdf

13. https://www.nrc.gov/about-nrc/radiation/health-effects/info.html#dose

14. http://news.mit.edu/1994/safe-0105

15. Cucinotta, FA; Durante, M (2006). “Cancer risk from exposure to galactic cosmic rays: implications for space exploration by human beings” (PDF)Lancet Oncol7 (5): 431–435. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(06)70695-7PMID 16648048.

16. Cucinotta, FA; Kim, MH; Willingham, V; George, KA (Jul 2008). “Physical and biological organ dosimetry analysis for international space station astronauts”. Radiation Research170 (1): 127–38. doi:10.1667/RR1330.1PMID 18582161.

17.,https://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/travelinginspace/radiation_shielding.html

18. https://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2005/25aug_plasticspaceships

19. https://amp-pressconnects-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/amp.pressconnects.com/amp/494352002?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pressconnects.com%2Fstory%2Fnews%2Flocal%2F2018%2F04%2F06%2Fwhat-astronaut-suits-made%2F494352002%2F

20. Plait 2002, pp. 162-63.

21. Plait 2002, pp. 165–67.

22. Windley, Jay. “Clavius: Environment – heat”Moon Base Clavius. Clavius.org. Retrieved November 25, 2008.

23. Zell, Holly (February 12, 2015). “Van Allen Probes Spot an Impenetrable Barrier in Space”NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. Retrieved 2017-06-04.

24. Nemiroff, R.; Bonnell, J., eds. (November 1, 2011). “Hammer Versus Feather on the Moon”Astronomy Picture of the DayNASA. Retrieved April 20, 2013Source for video: “The Hammer and the Feather” on YouTube

25. https://www.wikit.wiki/blog/en/Moon_landing_conspiracy_theory

26. http://mentalfloss.com/article/22913/hammer-and-feather-drop-moon

27. https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo_15_feather_drop.html

28. https://www-space-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.space.com/amp/18175-moon-temperature.html?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.space.com%2F18175-moon-temperature.html

29. https://mobile-reuters-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSTRE56F5MK20090716?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.reuters.com%2Farticle%2Fus-nasa-tapes-idUSTRE56F5MK20090716

30. https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/22731/what-documentation-remains-from-apollo/22734#22734

31. Wiki.

32. https://sservi.nasa.gov/articles/nasa-and-curtin-university-sign-affiliate-member-statement/

33. https://www-vice-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.vice.com/amp/en_us/article/kzakkn/nasa-destroyed-hundreds-of-mystery-tapes-found-in-a-dead-mans-basement-apollo-era?amp_js_v=a2&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQA#referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.vice.com%2Fen_us%2Farticle%2Fkzakkn%2Fnasa-destroyed-hundreds-of-mystery-tapes-found-in-a-dead-mans-basement-apollo-era

34. Spitznagel, Eric (July 19, 2019). “What It’s Like to Be a Moon Landing Conspiracist in 2019”Popular Mechanics.

35. “The Moon Hoax; Did we really go?”http://www.astronautcentral.com.

36. American Moon.

37. https://www.bitchute.com/video/eZramDBFkXRU/?fbclid=IwAR1C9xKrr0yvCSEDGCqsGMLZA_rhjoDEHGcMIwMfvAleR6cZMsFtjtJSTaM

38. https://www.bitchute.com/video/eZramDBFkXRU/

39. https://www.bitchute.com/embed/eZramDBFkXRU/

CHAPTER 6 : Satellitesthe ISS and Live Stream Video Feeds?

1. http://www.popsci.com/now-you-can-see-all-space-junk-floating-around-earth-real-time

2. https://www.universetoday.com/42198/how-many-satellites-in-space/

3. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3673749/Can-spot-space-station-Nasa-satellite-takes-images-orbit-200-miles-ISS.html

4. https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/space-station-view-of-noctilucent-clouds

5. https://www.howitworksdaily.com/10-incredible-space-robots/

6. https://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/Tools/orbitTutorial.htm#:~:text=Each%20orbit%20takes%2090%2D93,reboosts%20adjust%20the%20ISS%20orbit.

7. Wiki.

8. https://www.space.com/13071-international-space-station-reentry-plans.html

9. Wiki.

10. http://satellites.spacesim.org/english/function/weather/index.html

11. http://howthingsfly.si.edu/ask-an-explainer/do-all-satellites-have-fly-same-speed-so-not-leave-their-orbit

12. https://www.space.com/8876-international-space-station-numbers.html

13. http://www.ustream.tv/channel/live-iss-stream

14. https://astrosociety.org/edu/publications/tnl/71/howfast.html

15. https://stardate.org/astro-guide/faqs/how-fast-earth-moving-through-space

16. http://earthsky.org/earth/why-cant-we-feel-earths-spin.

17. https://www.sciencealert.com/this-is-how-much-a-cloud-weighs

18. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-do-clouds-float-when/

19. https://www.quora.com/When-looking-at-the-sky-and-clouds-are-moving-in-one-direction-are-they-moving-because-of-the-wind-or-is-the-planet-simply-revolving

20. https://scied.ucar.edu/shortcontent/thermosphere-overview

21. https://www.newsweek.com/undersea-cables-transport-99-percent-international-communications-319072

22. New York Times; https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/03/10/technology/internet-cables-oceans.html

23. https://skyandtelescope.org/wp-content/plugins/observing-tools/satellite_transit/tracker.html

https://skyandtelescope.org/observing/interactive-sky-watching-tools/skyandtelescope-coms-satellite-transit-tracker/

24. https://satelliteobservation.net/2017/04/20/observing-satellites/amp/#Orbital

25. https://www.skyatnightmagazine.com/advice/how-to-take-a-photo-of-the-iss/

26. Wiki.

27. https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-resources/astronomy-software-public-domain-freeware-and-shareware/

CHAPTER 7: The Global Positioning system (GPS)

1. http://www.physics.org/article-questions.asp?id=55

2. https://www.newsweek.com/undersea-cables-transport-99-percent-international-communications-319072

3. https://support.esri.com/en/other-resources/gis-dictionary/term/358112bd-b61c-4081-9679-4fca9e3eb926

4. https://www.gsat.us/support/glossary/pdop

5. https://www.agsgis.com/What-is-PDOP-And-Why-its-Obsolete_b_43.html

6. http://marinegyaan.com/what-is-gdop-or-geometric-dilution-of-precision/

7. https://gisgeography.com/wgs84-world-geodetic-system/

8. https://www.definitions.net/definition/spheroid

9. Wiki.

10. https://www.askdifference.com/ellipsoid-vs-ellipse/

11. Durand; Cutler. “Transformations” (PowerPoint). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 12 September 2008.

12. https://www.mathworks.com/discovery/affine-transformation.html

13. https://www.jmu.edu/cisr/research/sic/standards/coordinate.htm

14. Oxford Dictionary.

15. Wiki.

16. https://www.britannica.com/science/reference-frame

17. Emil Tocaci, Clive William Kilmister (1984). Relativistic Mechanics, Time, and Inertia. Springer. p. 251. ISBN 90-277-1769-9.

18. Wolfgang Rindler (1977). Essential RelativityBirkhäuser. p. 25. ISBN 3-540-07970-X.

19. Ludwik Marian Celnikier (1993). Basics of Space Flight. Atlantica Séguier Frontières. p. 286. ISBN 2-86332-132-3.

20. Harald Iro (2002). A Modern Approach to Classical MechanicsWorld Scientific. p. 180. ISBN 981-238-213-5.

21. Albert Shadowitz (1988). Special relativity (Reprint of 1968 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 4. ISBN 0-486-65743-4.

22. Lawrence E. Goodman & William H. Warner (2001). Dynamics (Reprint of 1963 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 358. ISBN 0-486-42006-X.

23. Raymond A. Serway (1990). Physics for scientists & engineers (3rd ed.). Saunders College Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 0-03-031358-9.

24. V. I. Arnol’d (1989). Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics. Springer. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-387-96890-2.

25. Milton A. Rothman (1989). Discovering the Natural Laws: The Experimental Basis of Physics. Courier Dover Publications. p. 23. ISBN 0-486-26178-6.

26. Sidney Borowitz & Lawrence A. Bornstein (1968). A Contemporary View of Elementary Physics. McGraw-Hill. p. 138. ASIN B000GQB02A.

27. Leonard Meirovitch (2004). Methods of analytical Dynamics (Reprint of 1970 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 4. ISBN 0-486-43239-4.

28. Giuliano Toraldo di Francia (1981). The Investigation of the Physical WorldCUP Archive. p. 115. ISBN 0-521-29925-X.

29. Peter Ryder, Classical Mechanics, pp. 78-79

30. Peter Ryder (2007). Classical Mechanics. Aachen Shaker. pp. 78–79. ISBN 978-3-8322-6003-3.

31. NASA (.gov) › eospso › files PDF

32. Naval Postgraduate School › oc › …PDF

33. Albert, Abraham Adrian (2016) [1949], Solid Analytic Geometry, Dover, p. 117, ISBN 978-0-486-81026-3.

34. Ibid…31

35. Ibid…30

35. https://www.gps.gov/systems/gps/space/

CHAPTER 8: NASA’s Cameras, Lenses and Video Equipment: An Examination

1. https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/917.html

2. “Sand Dunes in Har Nuur (Black Lake), Western Mongolia : Image of the Day”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

3. “Fires in British Columbia : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 20 August 2003. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

4. “New York City and East Coast City Lights : Image of the Day”Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 18 January 2003. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

5. “Plume rises from Ulawun : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 30 November 2012. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

6. “Sarychev Peak Eruption, Kuril Islands : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 12 June 2009. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

7. Nikon (2010-06-14). “The latest Nikon equipment to be used in the Russian segment of the International Space Station: New orders received for Nikon D3S and D3X digital-SLR cameras as well as NIKKOR interchangeable lenses”. Nikon. Retrieved 2016-02-02.

8. “Aurora Australis Observed from the International Space Station : Image of the Day”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 29 May 2010. Retrieved2017-08-10.

9. “Pavlof Volcano, Alaska Peninsula : Natural Hazards”.Earthobservatory.nasa.gov. 18 May 2013. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

10. NASA. Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth: What are the different choices of cameras?”. NASA. Retrieved2016-02-02.

11. NASA. “NASA Johnson”. NASA. Retrieved 2015-11-16.

12. “Nikon | News | NASA orders 53 unmodified Nikon D5 digital SLR cameras”.http://www.nikon.com. Retrieved 2017-08-25.

13. Sony. “The α7S II successfully captured the first ever commercial level 4K footage in space”.http://www.sony.com. Sony. Retrieved2017-10-09.

14. Impact, Alexis Kleinman Deputy Managing Editor Of; Innovation; Post, The Huffington (24 April 2013). “Even NASA Has Switched To Android”.Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

15. “NASA – Socializing Science With Smartphones in Space”Nasa.gov. Retrieved2017-08-10.

16. “iPad 2 Scheduled for Delivery to International Space Station Tomorrow – The iPad Guide”.Theipadguide.com. Retrieved10 August 2017.

17. HDEV”Eol.jsc.nasa.gov. Retrieved2017-08-10.

18. “ISS Spacewalkers install new external HD Cameras, retract Thermal Radiator – ISS Expedition 48”.Spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

19. “ISS Spacewalkers install new external HD Cameras, retract Thermal Radiator”.Spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10.

20. https://www.amazon.com/Unknown-8427247-Kodak-Fisheye-Lens/product-reviews/B004K1FWNK

21. https://m.dpreview.com/reviews/kodakdcs760

22. https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/181740-you-can-finally-watch-a-live-video-feed-of-earth-from-space-and-its-awesome

23. https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/research/experiments/917.html

24. https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/208441-new-camera-enables-ultra-hd-4k-video-from-international-space-station

CHAPTER 9: The Curvature of Rockets on a Flat Earth

1. https://howthingsfly.si.edu/ask-an-explainer/why-do-rockets-curve-when-they-fly-space-instead-going-straight

2. https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/4085/does-the-space-shuttle-fly-straight-up-when-leaving-earth/4087#4087

3. https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/206978/why-are-rockets-launched-vertically

4. Carl Henshaw: Navel Research Laboratory

5. https://www.quora.com/Do-our-rockets-go-up-straight-They-seem-to-curve-when-observed-Why

6. http://www.spaceabc.com

7. https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/launch-windows/en/

8. https://www.ksdk.com/mobile/article/news/nation-now/ask-the-captain-highest-altitudes-for-planes/465-c4da732b-7457-4d23-a2b3-9770627ddaba

9. https://www.airspacemag.com/space/see-world-100000-feet-180955329/#KTUikTWpDWp7rvEI.99

10. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/70-years-ago-today-nazi-rockets-and-american-scientists-took-first-photo-earth-space-180960890/

11. https://www.quora.com/At-what-altitude-do-you-see-the-curvature-of-the-Earth

12. https://www.metabunk.org/claim-first-image-of-space-taken-from-v-2-rocket-proves-the-earth-is-flat.t9115/

13. Ibid.

14. https://www.flyertalk.com/forum/travelbuzz/633492-pilots-when-can-you-start-seeing-curvature-earth-sky-black.html

15. NASA (.gov) › dryden › pdf

16. https://forum.tfes.org/index.php?topic=4936.0

17. microphysicsdaily.wordpress.com/2015/08/22/chapter-2-physics-and-mathematics/

18. Wiki.

19. https://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_shape.html

20. https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=1222426138279737&id=100015370861157

21. https://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/243-Could-a-helium-balloon-float-all-the-way-up-into-space-

22. https://www.quora.com/Why-dont-we-lift-space-rockets-into-the-stratosphere-with-balloons-before-igniting-the-engines

23. https://space.stackexchange.com/questions/1635/could-it-be-possible-to-launch-a-rocket-from-a-balloon

24. https://www.csbf.nasa.gov/balloons.html

25. https://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2019/Q1/successful-launch-of-rocket-from-high-altitude-balloon-makes-space-more-accessible-to-microsatellites.html

26. ‘Glass Bending and Tempering – No More Flat Thinking For a Curved World.’

27. https://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/resources/48-reflection-of-light

CHAPTER 10: The Flat Circular Earth and The “Theory” of Gravity

1. http://walter.bislins.ch/bloge/index.asp?page=Gravity+on+an+infinite+Flat+Earth+Plane

2. Wiki.

3. Ibid. 1.

4. https://www.khanacademy.org/science/physics/centripetal-force-and-gravitation/gravity-newtonian/v/introduction-to-newton-s-law-of-gravitation

5. https://socratic.org/questions/why-is-acceleration-due-to-gravity-constant

6. Wiki – Gravity of Earth.

7. http:/scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/BouguerGravity.html

8. https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/features/GRACE/page3.php

9. Ibid. 7.

10. Wiki.

11. Ibid. 7.

CHAPTER 11: Green Screens, Blue Screens, Astronauts On Wires and Stanley Kubrick

1. Kathryn Ramey. Experimental Filmmaking: Break the Machine. p. 70.

2. Foster Jeff (2010). The Green Screen Handbook: Real-World Production Techniques. John Wiley & Sons.

3. Illusions Take Home First Oscars. CRI English. 14 February 2005. Archived from the original on 15 March 2005.

4. https://www.blackmagicdesign.com/products/ultimatte

5. “NASA CENTRAL OPERATION OF RESOURCES FOR EDUCATORS (CORE) Administered by Lorain County Joint Vocational School. NASA Cooperative Agreement NCC5-554 Jeff Ehmen NASA Marshall Space Flight Center.”

6. https://blogs.nasa.gov/diyPodcastBlog/2013/04/19/post_1366337220017/

7. https://www.nasa.gov/education/materials/

8. The Keys To Chromakey: How To Use A Green Screen”. Videomaker. Retrieved23 October 2017.

9. The Flmmakers Handbook: A Comprehensive Guide for the Digital Age. 2008 Edition; pg 544-45. By Steven Ascher and Edward Pincus. Published by Plume and Penguin Books.

10. “Signal Strength Variables”. Retrieved 2015-03-17.

11. https://awards.unity.com/2017

12. https://www.magnopus.com/#about

13. The Special Effects of 2001: A Space Odyssey

14. https://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2012-11/8-stanley-kubricks-greatest-technological-innovations

15. Wiki.

16. Weidner, Jay (July 20, 2009). “Secrets of the Shining”Bibliotecapleyades.net. Retrieved June 24, 2017.

17. Faked Moon Landing Hidden Subliminal Messages in Stanley Kubrick’s Movie ‘The Shining’ on YouTube. Retrieved June 24, 2017.

18. Lamb, Robert (January 21, 2010).“Faked Moon Landings and Kubrick’s ‘The ShiningSeeker. Retrieved June 24, 2017.

19. AustinJon (December 11, 2015).“Moon Landings ‘Fake’: Shock video shows ‘Stanley Kubrick’ admit historic event was ‘HOAXDaily Express. Retrieved December 11, 2015.

20. Wiki.

21. https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/hqlibrary/ic/faqs.html

22. https://history.nasa.gov/HHR-32/ch2.htm

23. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_North_American_broadcast_station_classes

24. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/ca…

25. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo_TV_camera

26. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_landing_conspiracy_theories

CHAPTER 12: IllusionRealism, Philosophy of Perception and Visual Space?

1. Wiki.

2. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/perception-episprob/ BonJour, Laurence (2007): “Epistemological Problems of Perception.”Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, accessed 1.9.2010.

3. Ibid. 1.

4. Ibid 1.

5. Mach, E. (1906) Space and Geometry. Open Court Publishing: Chicago.

6. Ibid 5.

7. http://web.mnstate.edu/peil/geometry/C2EuclidNonEuclid/7elliptic.htm

8. Luneburg, R.K. (1947). Mathematical Analysis of Binocular Vision. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

9. Chapter 3 Geometry and Spatial Vision. (2006) In M.R.M. Jenkin and L.R. Harris (Eds) Seeing Spatial Form. Oxford U. Press. pp 35-41

10. https://www.britannica.com/science/hyperbolic-geometry

11. https://planetmath.org/parallellinesinhyperbolicgeometry

12. https://study.com/academy/lesson/differences-between-euclidean-non-euclidean-geometry.html

13. http://pi.math.cornell.edu/~mec/mircea.html

14. Foley, J.M. (1964). Desarguesian property in visual space. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 54.

15. Huemer, M “Sense Data.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 11 October 2018.

16. Ayer, A.J., The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. New York: Macmillan, 1940.

17. Austin, J. L. “Sense and Sensibilia,” Oxford: Clarendon. 1962.

18. Putnam, Hilary The Threefold Cord: Mind, Body, and World. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

19. Ibid. 17.

20. Holy Bible; King James Version.

21. http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2014/09/25/earths-water-is-older-than-the-sun/#.W-iqKx9OnqA

CHAPTER 13: The Sun, Moon, and Eclipses

1. https://www.space.com/17081-how-far-is-earth-from-the-sun.html

2. International Astronomical Union, ed. (31 August 2012), “RESOLUTION B2 on the re-definition of the astronomical unit of length”(PDF)RESOLUTION B2, Beijing, Kina: International Astronomical Union

3. http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/cosmic_reference/distance.html

(4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9).

10. CIA Doc.

11. http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/7-How-hot-is-the-Sun-

12. http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/ask/4-What-is-the-Sun-made-of-

13. https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/themis/auroras/sun_earth_connect.html

14. https://www.inverse.com/article/38783-neil-degrasse-tyson-flat-earth-conspiracy

15. https://www.forbes.com/sites/kionasmith/2019/03/23/check-out-the-first-detailed-photo-of-the-moon/

16. https://biography.yourdictionary.com/hippolyte-armand-louis-fizeau

17. https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/moon-distance/en/

18. https://www.space.com/18145-how-far-is-the-moon.html

19. https://www.space.com/18135-how-big-is-the-moon.html

20. https://www.space.com/24871-does-the-moon-rotate.html

21. Wiki.

22. Zetetic Astronomy, by ‘Parallax’ (pseud. Samuel Birley Rowbotham), [1881].

23. https://skyandtelescope.org/astronomy-resources/what-are-the-phases-of-the-moon/

24. https://flatgeocentricearth.wordpress.com/2015/12/03/moon-phases-and-flat-earth/

25. nasaeclips.arc.nasa.gov

26. Ibid. ‘Earth Not a Globe.’ By Samuel Birley Rowbotham.

27. “Herschel’s Astronomy,” pp. 521 and 616.

28. “Philosophical Magazine” for 1848, p. 80.

29. “Encyclopedia Londinensis.” Art., “Fixed Stars.”

30. https://www.uni-bonn.de/Press-releases/physicists-discove-a-new-kind-of-celestial-bodies

31. https://www.iflscience.com/space/giant-invisible-structures-could-be-hiding-milky-way/

32. Discoveries in the South Sea,” p. 39, by Captain James Burney.

33. Description of the Heavens,” p. 354, by Alex. von Humboldt.

34. Sir James South, of the Royal Observatory, Kensington, in a letter in the “Times” newspaper of April 7, 1848.

35. Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society, for June 8, 1860.

36. Ibid.

37. Monthly Notices of Royal Astronomical Society, December 9, 1859.

38. Wiki.

39. https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1928521

40. http://discovermagazine.com/2014/dec/2-ask-discover

41. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-science/wp/2018/03/12/why-neil-degrasse-tyson-failed-to-prove-earth-isnt-flat/?utm_term=.99c106658cc6&noredirect=on

42. Wiki.

43. https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/columnist/cox/2014/02/02/maximum-altitude-airlines-concorde/5165635/

44. https://www.flightdeckfriend.com/ask-a-pilot/how-fast-do-commercial-aeroplanes-fly#:~:text=A%20typical%20commercial%20passenger%20jet,the%20faster%20it%20can%20travel.

45. https://www-bbc-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.bbc.com/news/technology-57361193.amp?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQKKAFQArABIIACAw%3D%3D#aoh=16387417511879&csi=1&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.com%2Fnews%2Ftechnology-57361193

46. Ibid.

47. https://www.britishairways.com/en-us/information/about-ba/history-and-heritage/celebrating-concorde

48. https://www.universetoday.com/26461/circumference-of-the-earth/

49. https://www.space.com/33527-how-fast-is-earth-moving.html

50. https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/nauticalmile_knot.html

51. http://www.coastalnavigation.com/samples/sec_1/1_pages/1_2.htm

52. Wiki.

53. Google Dictionary.

54. http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Extras/Einstein_ether.html

55. https://spaceplace.nasa.gov/review/dr-marc-technology/rockets.html

56. https://www.usatoday.com/story/travel/columnist/cox/2014/02/02/maximum-altitude-airlines-concorde/5165635/

CHAPTER 14: The Planets and the Stars

1. https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/exploring-the-planets/online/discovery/greeks.cfm

2. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/planet

3. “Words For Our Modern Age: Especially words derived from Latin and Greek sources”. Wordsources.info. Retrieved 2007-07-23.

4. “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Resolutions 5 and 6” (PDF). IAU. August 24, 2006.

5. “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU Resolution votes”. International Astronomical Union (News Release – IAU0603). August 24, 2006. Retrieved June 15, 2008.

6. McKee, Maggie (2006). “Xena reignites a planet-sized debate”New Scientist Space. Retrieved 2006-05-25.

7. Croswell Ken (2006). “The Tenth Planet’s First Anniversary”. Retrieved 2006-05-25.

8. “Planet Definition”IAU. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-08-26. Retrieved 2006-08-14.

9. “IAU General Assembly Newspaper”(PDF). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2007-03-03.

10. The Final IAU Resolution on the Definition of “Planet” Ready for Voting”. IAU (News Release — IAU0602). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2007-03-02.

11. Robert Roy Britt (2006). “Pluto demoted in highly controversial definition.” Space.com. Retrieved 2006-08-24.

12. “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Resolutions 5 and 6” (PDF). IAU. 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2009-06-23.

13. “IAU 2006 General Assembly: Result of the IAU Resolution votes” (Press release). International Astronomical Union (News Release – IAU0603). 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2007-12-31(orig link Archived 2007-01-03 at the Wayback Machine.)

14. Robert Roy Britt (2006). “Pluto: Down But Maybe Not Out”Space.com. Retrieved 2006-08-24.

15. Paul Rincon (2006-08-25). “Pluto vote ‘hijacked’ in revolt”BBC News. Retrieved 2007-02-28.

16. Mark, Sykes (2006-09-08). “Astronomers Prepare to Fight Pluto Demotion” (RealPlayer). Retrieved 2006-10-04.

17. Michael E. Brown (2006). “The Eight Planets”Caltech. Retrieved 2007-02-21.

18. Jean-Luc Margot (2015). “A Quantitative Criterion For Defining Planets”. The Astronomical Journal150 (6):185. arXiv:1507.06300.Bibcode:2015AJ….150..185M.doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/6/185

19. Mike Brown. “The Dwarf Planets”. Retrieved 2007-08-04.

20. Image credit: Margot (2015), via http://arxiv.org/abs/1507.06300

21. https://www.forbes.com/sites/startswithabang/2017/02/14/how-flat-can-a-planet-be/#3fe182e235fa

22. Ibid.

23. https://www.space.com/39944-neil-degrasse-tyson-earth-is-round.html

24. https://www.forbes.com/sites/quora/2017/11/13/how-do-we-prove-a-well-established-theory-like-gravity/#4a56c8ea4cd7

25. Wiki.

26. Wiki.

27. Tiny fountain of atoms sparks big insights into dark energy by Adrian Cho on August 20, 2015. Published at the “American Association for the Advancement of Science”

28. J Khoury and A. Weltman, Phys. Rev. D 69, 044026 (2004).

29. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Astronomical_unit#History

30. Ibid.

31. Liddell, Henry GeorgeScott, RobertA Greek–English Lexicon at the Perseus Project.

32. Donald Engels (1985). The Length of Eratosthenes’ StadeAmerican Journal of Philology 106 (3): 298 311. doi:10.2307/295030 (subscription required).

33. J. L. Berggren, Alexander Jones (2000). Ptolemy’s Geography: An Annotated Translation of the Theoretical Chapters. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691010427.

34. Edward Gulbekian (1987). The Origin and Value of the Stadion Unit used by Eratosthenes in the Third Century BCArchive for History of Exact Sciences 37 (4): 359–363. doi:10.1007/BF00417008

35. Walkup, Newlyn (2005). “Eratosthenes and the Mystery of the Stades”The MAA Mathematical Sciences Digital Library. Retrieved 2008-07-29.

36. Ibid. Encyclopedia.

37. https://www.millersville.edu/physics/experiments/058/index.php

38. Earth Not a Globe, Samuel Birley Rowbotham.

39. Ibid. Encyclopedia.

40. Book of Enoch.

41. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Book_of_Enoch

42. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/physics/56-our-solar-system/planets-and-dwarf-planets/general-questions/199-how-do-we-know-what-other-planets-and-stars-galaxies-etc-are-made-of-intermediate

43. Ibid.

44. http://periodictable.com/Properties/A/Color.html

45. Wiki.

46. Ibid.

47. https://www.thoughtco.com/color-on-the-periodic-table-608827

48. http://astro-canada.ca/les_spectrometres-spectrometers-eng

49. http://bwtek.com/spectrometer-introduction/

50. http://astro-canada.ca/les_spectrometres-spectrometers-eng

51. NASA, JPL

52. https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/yes-there-is-a-rat-on-mars

53. https://www-space-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.space.com/amp/21455-mars-rat-curiosity-rover-drive.html?amp_js_v=a6&_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D&jwsource=cl

54. https://www.space.com/18090-alpha-centauri-nearest-star-system.html

55. Cosmos, By Carl Sagan. Random House Books, New York; 1980. Pg 5.

56. https://www.quora.com/Who-invented-the-light-year

57. https://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/questions/question19.html

58. https://study.com/academy/lesson/astronomical-units-light-years-definition-examples.html

59. https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/light-year.htm

60. International Astronomical Union, Measuring the Universe: The IAU and Astronomical Units, retrieved 10 November 2013.

61. Zeilik, Michael A.; Gregory, Stephan A. (1998). Introductory Astronomy & Astrophysics (4th ed.). Saunders College Publishing.

62. https://www.livescience.com/29111-speed-of-light-not-constant.html

63. https://www.sciencenews.org/article/speed-light-not-so-constant-after-all

64. Diesterweg, Adolph Wilhelm (1855).Populäre Himmelskunde u. astronomische Geographie. p. 250.

65. The Student and Intellectual Observer of Science, Literature and Art. Retrieved 1 November 2014.

66. Stellar movements and the structure of the universe”. Retrieved 1 November 2014.

CHAPTER 15: The Antartica, Flight Paths and Circumnavigations

1. https://antarctica21.com/air-cruises-2019-20/2019-20-season/classic-antarctica-air-cruise/?gclid=EAIaIQobChMIifz_3Ja03wIVhVuGCh1Tdwa2EAAYASAAEgJeYPD_BwE

2. https://aviation.stackexchange.com/questions/33938/do-any-flights-go-over-the-south-pole

3. http://royalaviationmuseum.com/first-flight-over-antarctica/

4. Ibid.

5. “Dundee Island” Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.

6. Wiki.

7. https://www.westarctica.wiki/index.php/South_Magnetic_Pole

8.Wiki.

9. https://earthsky.org/human-world/this-date-in-science-shackleton-expedition-discovered-magnetic-south-pole

10. Serway, Raymond A.; Chris Vuille (2006). Essentials of college physics. USA: Cengage Learning. p. 493.ISBN0-495-10619-4. Retrieved 2012-04-19.

11. Russell, Randy. “Earth’s Magnetic Poles”. Windows to the Universe. National Earth Science Teachers Association. Retrieved 2012-04-19.

12. https://gisgeography.com/magnetic-north-vs-geographic-true-pole/

13. https://www.quora.com/Where-is-the-Earths-magnetic-North-Pole-right-now

14. http://www.physics.org/article-questions.asp?id=65

15. http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/magnetic/elemag.html

16. Wiki.

17. https://wonders.physics.wisc.edu/jumping-ring/

18. https://www.supermagnete.de/eng/ring-magnets-neodymium

19. Google Dictionary.

20. https://cmr.earthdata.nasa.gov/search/concepts/C1214558247-NOAA_NCEI

21. https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomag/EMM/emm_acknowledge.shtml

22. https://www.swoop-antarctica.com/

23. https://www.swoop-antarctica.com/travel/getting-there#cruise-or-fly

24. https://www.distance.to/San-Diego/Sydney

25. Wiki.

26. https://www.distance.to/Texas,USA/Abu-Dhabi,ARE

27. https://www.flightcentre.com.au/travel-news/destinations/top-ten-stopover-options-to-double-your-holiday

28. https://www.distance.to/Sidney-Rd,York,Western-Australia,6302,AUS/Santiago,DOM/-39.02034233065672,124.01120424270631

29. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenn_Borek_Air

30. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Havilland_Canada_DHC-6_Twin_Otter

31. https://www.quora.com/Why-don%E2%80%99t-planes-fly-across-the-Southern-Hemisphere-across-the-South-Pole

32. Ibid.

33. Google Dictionary.

34. archive.org

35. Short, 2010, pp. 203–04.

36. http://www.captcook-ne.co.uk/ccne/timeline/voyage1.htm

37. Wiki.

38. Ibid.

39. Ibid.

40. John Noble Wilford: The Mapmakers, the Story of the Great Pioneers in Cartography from Antiquity to Space Age, p. 139, Vintage Books, Random House 1982, ISBN 0-394-75303-8

41. Ambrosius Aurelius Theodosius Macrobius, Zonenkarte. Retrieved 7 July 2014.

42. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_voyage_of_James_Cook

43. “Obliquity of the Ecliptic (Eps Mean)”. Neoprogrammics.com. Retrieved 2014-05-13.

44. Berger, A.L. (1976). “Obliquity and Precession for the Last 5000000 Years”.Astronomy and Astrophysics.

45. http://mathforum.org/library/drmath/view/58423.html

46. Nuttall, Mark (2004). Encyclopedia of the Arctic Volumes 1, 2 and 3. Routledge. p. 115.ISBN 978-1579584368. Retrieved 26 July2016.

47. William M. Marsh; Martin M. Kaufman (2012).Physical Geography: Great Systems and Global Environments. Cambridge University Press. p. 24.ISBN978-0-521-76428-5.

48. Rowlett, Russ (September 1, 2004). “S”,How Many? A Dictionary of Units of MeasurementUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved February 22, 2012.

49. Davies, Charles (1872). Mathematical dictionary and cyclopedia of mathematical science. Original from Harvard University: A.S. Barnes and co. p. 582.

50. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/statute+mile

51. British Antarctic Survey. “Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica” (PDF)The Cryosphere journal: 390. Retrieved 6 January2014.

52. https://www.space.com/17638-how-big-is-earth.html

53. http://www.south-pole.com/p0000071.htm

54. Hough 1994, p. 239.

55. https://www.livescience.com/57037-james-cook-voyage-tracks-arctic-climate-change.html

56. How Dramatically Arctic Ice Cover Has Changed.

57. https://www.encyclopedia.com/places/oceans-continents-and-polar-regions/arctic-physical-geography/northwest-passage

58. https://geology.com/articles/northwest-passage.shtml

CHAPTER 16: The Antarctic Treaty

1. https://www.state.gov/e/oes/rls/rpts/ant/

2. https://www.ats.aq/devAS/ats_parties.aspx?lang=e

3. Ibid. 1.

4. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Specially_Protected_Area

5. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Protected_Area

6. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Specially_Managed_Area

7. https://www.rmagreen.com/rma-blog/bid/89507/how-much-does-a-phase-i-environmental-site-assessment-cost

8. https://www.ebiz.go.ug/service/environment-impact-assessment/

CHAPTER 17: Northern/Southern Constellations and Space; the Final Frontier

1.“Earth Not a Globe,” Samuel Birley Rowbotham

2. “Space – Physics and Metaphysics”. Encyclopedia Britannica.

3. https://m.esa.int/About_Us/Welcome_to_ESA/ESA_history/Edwin_Hubble_The_man_who_discovered_the_Cosmos

4. Layers of the Atmosphere, National Weather Service JetStream – Online School for Weather

5. Dr. S. Sanz Fernández de Córdoba (2004-06-24). “The 100 km Boundary for Astronautics”Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. Archived from the original on 2011-08-22. Retrieved 2014-05-07.

6. Stuart Wortley 1841, p. 410.

7. Von Humboldt 1845, p. 39.

8. Harper, Douglas, “Outer”Online Etymology Dictionaryarchived from the original on 2010-03-12, retrieved 2008-03-24.

9. Harper, Douglas (November 2001), SpaceThe Online Etymology Dictionary, archived from the original on 2009-02-24, retrieved 2009-06-19.

10. https://www.astro.ufl.edu/~guzman/ast1002/class_notes/Ch17/Ch17.html

11. https://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/april-2015/our-flat-universe

12. https://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/questions/question35.html

13. https://wmap.gsfc.nasa.gov/universe/uni_shape.html

14. https://www.space.com/34928-the-universe-is-flat-now-what.html

15. Google Dictionary.

16. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/degrees-of-freedom/httpblogsscientificamericancomdegrees-of-freedom20110725what-do-you-mean-the-universe-is-flat-part-i/

17. Mosher, David (2010-10-28). “World’s Most Precise Clocks Could Reveal Universe Is a Hologram”Wired.

18. “The Fermilab Holometer”Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Retrieved2010-11-01.

19. Salles, Andre (2015-12-03). “Holometer rules out first theory of space-time correlations”. Fermilab. Retrieved 11 December 2015.

20. https://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/holometer-rules-out-first-theory-of-space-time-correlations

21. https://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/earth20110816.html

22. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1674984715000518

23. http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/science-universe-not-expanding-01940.html

24. https://www.sciencealert.com/no-the-universe-is-not-expanding-at-an-accelerated-rate-say-physicists

25. https://m.phys.org/news/2018-08-universe-expansion-dispute-physics.html

26. https://www.nature.com/news/cosmologist-claims-universe-may-not-be-expanding-1.13379

27. http://www.physics-astronomy.com/2017/09/universe-is-most-likely-not-expanding.html?m=1

28. Holy Bible, King James Version.

29. https://www.nasa.gov/centers/johnson/news/contracts/index.html

30. https://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/researchpark/partners/industry/wyle.html

31. https://www.mricompany.com/

32. http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=42391

33. US SEC: Form 10-K Lockheed Martin Corporation”. United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved January 11, 2018.

34. Elbagir, Nima, Salma Abdelaziz, Ryan Browne, Barbara Arvanitidis and Laura Smith-Spark (August 14, 2018). “Bomb that killed 40 children in Yemen was supplied by US”CNN. Retrieved August 24, 2018.

35. “Lockheed Martin’s #WorldPhotoDay Tweet Backfires”HuffPost. August 18, 2018.

36. https://www.lockheedmartin.com/en-us/index.html

37. UNITED SPACE ALLIANCE AWARDED IMOC CONTRACT” (PDF) (Press release). United Space Alliance. 2008-11-01. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2008-11-03.

38. https://www.bloomberg.com/profiles/companies/6682476Z:US-al-razaq-computing-services

39. https://www.tecolote.com/

40. http://www.tti-corp.com/JSC-Logistics/JSC_Logistics.php

41. https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1266961

42. Wiki.

43. Company Overview” (PDF).pae.com. Pacific Architects and Engineers. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 23, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2018.

44. Centralized and Efficient Management of Two NASA Facilities”pae.com. Pacific Architects and Engineers. Archived from the original on January 4, 2018. Retrieved January 3, 2018.

45. Kenneth Chang (September 27, 2016). “Elon Musk’s Plan: Get Humans to Mars, and Beyond”. New York Times. Retrieved September 27, 2016.

46. “Making Life Multi-planetary – RELAYTO/”RELAYTO/. 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-04.

47. http://www.businessinsider.com/elon-musks-started-spacex-because-he-wanted-to-put-life-on-another-planet-2013-3

48. https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/leidos-awarded-prime-cargo-mission-contract-from-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-300540139.html

49. Science Applications International Corporation. “Fiscal Year 2013 annual report on Form 10-K” (PDF). Retrieved August 9,2013.

50. Wiki.

51. Ibid.

52. http://www.jacobs.com/government-contracts

53. https://www.space.com/19528-lockheed-martin.html

CHAPTER 18: Euler’s Equation

1. Dunham 1997. p. 17

2. Saint Petersburg (1739). “Tentamen novae theoriae musicae ex certissimis harmoniae principiis dilucide expositae”

3. Wanner, Gerhard; Hairer, Ernst (2005). Analysis by its history (1st ed.). Springer. p. 63.

4. Dunham 1999. Ch. 3, Ch. 4

5. Dunham 1999. Ch. 1, Ch. 4

6. Caldwell, Chris. The largest known prime by year

7. Home, R.W. (1988). “Leonhard Euler’s ‘Anti-Newtonian’ Theory of Light”. Annals of Science45 (5): 521–33.

8. Ibid.

9. https://www.livescience.com/51399-eulers-identity.html

10. Wells, David (1990). “Are these the most beautiful?”. Mathematical Intelligencer12 (3): 37–41. Wells, David (1988). “Which is the most beautiful?” Mathematical Intelligencer10 (4): 30–31.

11. Nahin, 2006, p. 1

12. Nahin, 2006, p. xxxii.

13. Dunham 1999, p. xiii “Lisez Euler, lisez Euler, c’est notre maître à tous.”

14. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 1.

15. https://www.storyofmathematics.com/coplanar

16. https://study.com/academy/lesson/coplanar-lines-in-geometry-definition-lesson-quiz.html#:~:text=Coplanar%20means%20that%20the%20lines,flat%20surfaces%20on%20different%20planes.

17. Ibid. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 2.

18. Google Dictionary

19. https://www.merriam webster.com/dictionary/discretization

20. Ross, Isaac (2015). A primer on Pontryagin’s principle in optimal control. San Francisco: Collegiate Publishers.

21. Boltyanski, V.; Martini, H.; Soltan, V. (1998). “The Maximum Principle – How It Came to Be?” Geometric Methods and Optimization Problems. New York: Springer. pp. 204–227.

22. Gamkrelidze, R. V. (1999). “Discovery of the Maximum Principle”. Journal of Dynamical and Control Systems5 (4): 437-451. Reprinted in Bolibruch, A, A,; et al., eds.(2006). Mathematical Events of the Twentieth Century. Berlin: Springer. pp. 85–99. 

23. For first published works, see references in Fuller, A. T. (1963). “Bibliography of Pontryagin’s Maximum Principle”. J. Electronics & Control15 (5): 513–517. 

24. McShane, E. J. (1989). “The Calculus of Variations from the Beginning Through Optimal Control Theory”. SIAM J. Control Optim27 (5): 916–939.

25. Yong, J.; Zhou, X. Y. (1999). “Maximum Principle and Stochastic Hamiltonian Systems.” Stochastic Controls: Hamiltonian System and HJB Equations. New York: Springer. pp. 101–156.

26. Ibid. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 3.

27. https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Cartesian_coordinate_system

28. Ross, I. M. (2009). A Primer on Pontryagin’s Principle in Optimal Control. Collegiate Publishers.

29. Ibid. Max Cerf, Thomas Haberkorn, Emmanuel Trélat: Page 3.

30. Ibid. Page 4.

31. Ibid. Page 7.

32. Ibid. Page 8.

33. Ibid. Page 10.lm

34. Ibid. Pages 25-26

35. https://www.mathworks.com/help/aeroblks/6dofeulerangles.html

36. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339471661_On_Incompressible_Vibrations_of_the_Stratified_Atmosphere_on_the_Flat_Earth

37. https://scied.ucar.edu/carbon-dioxide-absorbs-and-re-emits-infrared-radiation#:~:text=Molecules%20of%20carbon%20dioxide%20(CO,CO2%20molecule%20to%20vibrate.

38. http://chemistry.elmhurst.edu/vchembook/globalwarmA5.html https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2017/11/13/where-is-all-that-carbon-dioxide-is-going/

39. https://education.seattlepi.com/gases-found-outer-space-5888.html

40. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/02/040206084932.htm#:~:text=The%20first%20energy%2Drich%20pulse%20causes%20the%20molecules%20to%20vibrate.&text=A%20water%20molecule%20that%20is,still%20vibrating%20can%20be%20determined.

41. https://sciencing.com/water-affect-sound-8510076.html#:~:text=The%20production%20of%20sound%20is,human%20ear%20to%20hear%20it.

42. https://salfordacoustics.co.uk/how-to-breaking-glass-with-sound#:~:text=A%20glass%20has%20a%20natural,large%20that%20the%20glass%20breaks.

43. https://www-livescience-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/www.livescience.com/amp/58498-why-is-hydrogen-the-most-common-element.html?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16128128667653&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.livescience.com%2F58498-why-is-hydrogen-the-most-common-element.html

44. https://fusenet.eu/what-plasma#:~:text=Hydrogen%20gas%20consisting%20of%20electrons,of%20separate%20protons%20and%20electrons.&text=And%20when%20particles%20from%20the,can%20also%20form%20a%20plasma.

45. Ibid.

CHAPTER 19: Images of the Blue Marble?

1. https://www.metabunk.org/threads/debunked-blue-marble-photos-show-a-changing-earth.6616/

2. Ibid

3. Ibid.

4. Ibid

5. Ibid.

6. https://answersingenesis.org/blogs/danny-faulkner/2018/08/28/nasa-changing-size-north-america-and-flat-earth/

7. Ibid.

8. https://qz-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/qz.com/192700/the-guy-who-created-iphones-earth-image-explains-why-he-needed-to-fake-it/amp/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16224231804709&amp_ct=1622423361515&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fqz.com%2F192700%2Fthe-guy-who-created-iphones-earth-image-explains-why-he-needed-to-fake-it%2F

9. Ibid.

10. Ibid.

11. Wiki.

12. https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/resources/786/blue-marble-2002/

13. Wiki.

14. Ibid.

15 https://anyshotpro.com/what-does-a-55-200mm-lens-do-tips-and-tricks-for-telephoto-photography/#:~:text=Also%20known%20as%20a%20telephoto,or%20a%20football%20pitch%20perhaps.

16. https://digital-photography-school.com/why-your-kit-lens-is-better-than-you-think/#:~:text=The%2018mm%20is%20a%20moderate,closing%20in%20on%20small%20details.&text=Some%20kit%20lenses%20also%20have%20another%20useful%20feature%3A%20image%20stabilization.

17. https://history.nasa.gov/afj/ap16fj/02photoequip.html

18. https://amp-theatlantic-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/amp.theatlantic.com/amp/article/399011/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16242333399635&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.theatlantic.com%2Ftechnology%2Farchive%2F2015%2F07%2Four-new-and-daily-view-of-the-blue-marble%2F399011%2F

19. https://qz-com.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/qz.com/458826/behold-nasas-first-image-in-decades-of-the-whole-earth/amp/?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQHKAFQArABIA%3D%3D#aoh=16242339625891&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fqz.com%2F458826%2Fbehold-nasas-first-image-in-decades-of-the-whole-earth%2F

20. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/from-a-million-miles-away-nasa-camera-shows-moon-crossing-face-of-earth

21. Wiki.

CHAPTER 20: The Great Cosmic Reset; Astronomy: Its Past and Present History of Mysticism, Hermeticism, the Kabbalah and Esotericism

1. A survey of the literary and archaeological evidence for the background of Hermes Trismegistus in the Greek Hermes and the Egyptian Thoth may be found in Bull, Christian H. 2018. The Tradition of Hermes Trismegistus: The Egyptian Priestly Figure as a Teacher of Hellenized Wisdom. Leiden: Brill, pp. 33-96.

2. https://medium.com/the-mission/the-hermetic-revival-7-ancient-principles-for-self-mastery-9399e523648d3.

3. Wiki.

4. Ibid. 2

5. The oldest texts attributed to Hermes are astrological texts (belonging to the technical Hermetica) which may go back as far as to the second or third century BCE; see Copenhaver 1992 p. xxxiii; Bull 2018, pp. 2–3. Garth Fowden is some what more cautious, noting that our earliest testimonies date to the first century BCE (see Fowden 1986, p. 3, note 11). On the other end of the chronological spectrum, the Kitāb fi zajr al-nafs (“The Book of the Rebuke of the Soul”) is commonly thought to date from the twelfth century; see Van Bladel 2009, p. 226.

6. Ibid. 2.

7. https://www.thelawofattraction.com/hermetic-principles-kybalion/

8. https://quizlet.com/264850554/hist-102-chapter-16-17-study-questions-flash-cards/

9. https://blogs.umass.edu/p139ell/2012/11/19/the-renaissance-and-the-scientific-revolution/#:~:text=Nicolaus%20Copernicus%20(1473%2D1543),universe%2C%20rather%20than%20the%20earth.

10. https://www.biography.com/news/isaac-newton-biography-facts

11. https://www.mpg.de/7913162/biography#:~:text=He%20revolutionised%20astronomy%20and%20is,the%20modern%20sciences%3A%20Gailileo%20Galilei

12. https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195399301/obo-9780195399301-0166.xml

13. https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1992/11/01/vatican-finds-galileo-not-guilty/1092b119-440e-4fb6-b990-cc7f8a662f0d/

14. https://kabbalahstudent.com/michio-kaku-on-physics-and-kabbalah/

15. Wiki.

16. https://www.space.com/theory-of-everything-definition.html

17. The following NY Times article…https://www.nytimes.com/1988/04/19/science/mystics-and-science-hawking-s-views.html

18. Ibid.

19. Ibid.

20. https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/cross-check/cosmic-clowning-stephen-hawkings-new-theory-of-everything-is-the-same-old-crap/

21. https://pursuit-unimelb-edu-au.cdn.ampproject.org/v/s/pursuit.unimelb.edu.au/articles/a-brief-history-of-hawking-s-scientific-legacy.amp?amp_js_v=a6&amp_gsa=1&usqp=mq331AQKKAFQArABIIACAw%3D%3D#aoh=16259893996704&referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com&amp_tf=From%20%251%24s&ampshare=https%3A%2F%2Fpursuit.unimelb.edu.au%2Farticles%2Fa-brief-history-of-hawking-s-scientific-legacy

22. Three Initiates 1908, p. 26.

23. Three Initiates 1908, p. 28 (excessive capitalization removed).

24. Three Initiates 1908, p. 30 (excessive capitalization removed).

25. Three Initiates 1908, p. 32 (excessive capitalization removed).

26. Three Initiates 1908, p. 35.

27. Three Initiates 1908, p. 38 (excessive capitalization removed).

28. Three Initiates 1908, p. 39 (excessive capitalization removed).

29. Principe 2013, p. 198; Van Gijsen 2006.

30. Wiki.

31. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Isaac-Newton

32. Brian Morris, Religion and Anthropology: A Critical Introduction, Cambridge University Press, 2006, p. 298.

33. Eddy, Glenys. “The Ritual Dimension of Western Esotericism: The Rebirth Motif and the Transformation of Human Consciousness”Sydney Studies in Religion. Retrieved 21 July 2020.

34. Hanegraaff 2013, p. 3, “What is Western esotericism?”. “The adjective ‘esoteric’ first appeared in the second century CE, but the substantive is of relatively recent date: it seems to have been coined in German (Esoterik) in 1792, migrated to French scholarship (l’estoterisme) by 1828 and appeared in English in 1883. In short, ‘Western esotericism’ is a modern scholarly construct, not an autonomous tradition that already existed out there and merely needed to be discovered by historians.”

35. Von Stuckrad, Kocku (2005b). “Western Esotericism: Towards an Integrative Model of Interpretation”. Religion. 35 (2): 78–97.

36. Heinrich, Daniel (12 November 2018). “Berlin human rights conference stands up to nationalism, religious fundamentalism”Deutsche Welle.

37. http://www.faculty.umb.edu/gary_zabel/Courses/Phil%20281b/Philosophy%20of%20Magic/Dante.%20etc/Philosophers/End/bluedot/hermetic.html

CHAPTER 21: Space Agencies – What Do They Really See?

1. https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/cooperation/index.html

(2). https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/space-exploration-and-us-competitiveness

(3). https://www.wtamu.edu/~cbaird/sq/mobile/2014/02/07/can-light-bend-around-corners/#:~:text=Yes%2C%20light%20can%20bend%20around,light%20and%20all%20other%20waves.&text=The%20ability%20of%20light%20to,also%20known%20as%20%22diffraction%22.

(4). https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2012/04/light-bends-itself

(5). https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/22876/does-a-photon-exert-a-gravitational-pull

(6). http://scienceline.ucsb.edu/getkey.php?key=1582

7. https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=2948414011868603&id=100001000994657

(8). https://www.nasa.gov/missions/science/ipix_camera.html

(9). https://www.brucepercy.co.uk/blog/2016/6/24/human-eye-response#:~:text=The%20human%20eye%20compresses%20luminosity,It%20is%20a%20physical%20impossibility.

(10). https://techcrunch.com/2020/09/18/mit-engineers-develop-a-totally-flat-fisheye-lens-that-could-make-wide-angle-cameras-easier-to-produce/amp/#referrer=https://www.google.com&csi=0

11. Ibid.

CHAPTERS 22 to 70: Debunking the Debunkers